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Monkeypox outbreak, CDC asks for reaction guided by science, not stigma


ATLANTA – Health officials on both sides of the Atlantic are cautioning gay and bisexual men to be cautious as numbers of infections of the non-lethal monkeypox continue to climb. The outbreak according to the World Health Organization can be traced to sexual activity stemming from LGBTQ+ events, one in the Spanish in the Canary Islands and the other in Belgium.

The chairman of the World Health Organization Emergency Committee, Professor David L. Heymann told reporters that WHO researchers determined that cases were confirmed stemming from an LGBTQ+ Pride celebration in the Canary Islands that drew tens of thousands of revelers and linked to the Darklands Festival, a large-scale fetish festival in the port city of Antwerp, Belgium.

“We know monkeypox can spread when there is close contact with the lesions of someone who is infected,” Heymann said. “And it looks like the sexual contact has now amplified that transmission.”

“It’s very possible there was somebody who got infected, developed lesions on the genitals, hands or somewhere else, and then spread it to others when there was sexual or close, physical contact,” Heymann added. “And then there were these international events that seeded the outbreak around the world, into the US and other European countries.”

A section of skin tissue, harvested from a lesion on the skin of a monkey, that had been infected with monkeypox virus, is seen at 50X magnification on day four of rash development in 1968. (CDC/Reuters)

On Monday, Dr. John Brooks, an official with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta told reporters that anyone can contract monkeypox through close personal contact regardless of sexual orientation. He added that so far many of the people affected globally are men who identify as gay or bisexual. Though they may have greater chance of exposure to monkeypox right now, that doesn’t mean the risk is limited only to the gay and bisexual community, he said.

The United Nations’ AIDS agency (UNAID) in a press release Monday decried the semingly homophobic news coverage of the recent outbreak of monkeypox in Europe and the United States.

“Lessons from the AIDS response show that stigma and blame directed at certain groups of people can rapidly develop outbreak response,” UNAIDS said.

Monkeypox is not usually fatal but often manifests itself through fever, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes, chills, exhaustion and a chickenpox-like rash on the hands and face.

The virus can be transmitted through contact with skin lesions or droplets of bodily fluid from an infected person. Most people recover from the disease within several weeks without requiring hospitalization. Vaccines against smallpox, a related disease, are also effective in preventing monkeypox and some antiviral drugs are being developed.

University of Maryland’s Vice President and Chief of Infectious Diseases at University of Maryland Upper Chesapeake Health Center, Dr. Faheem Younus, tweeted a note of reassurance Monday; “Monkeypox cases are concerning but the risk of this becoming a COVID like pandemic is ZERO%”

Class Action Accuses 3 Automakers, Parts Maker of Selling Risky Air Bag Inflators


A class action lawsuit is accusing three automakers and a parts manufacturer of knowingly selling vehicles containing air bag inflators that are at risk of exploding. Two deaths and at least four injuries have been linked to such explosions.

The federal lawsuit, filed Tuesday in San Francisco, names ARC Automotive Inc. of Knoxville, Tennessee, which made the inflators and sold them to air bag manufacturers. The air bag makers, in turn, sold them to General Motors, Ford and Volkswagen, which are named in the lawsuit, too.

The five plaintiffs are the owners of vehicles with ARC inflators who contend the defective air bag parts were not disclosed when they made their purchases.

The US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, which has been investigating ARC inflators for nearly seven years without a resolution, estimates that there are 51 million on US roads. That’s somewhere between 10% and 20% of all passenger vehicles.

Yet most drivers have no conclusive way to determine whether their vehicle contains an ARC inflator. Even if they were to tear apart the steering wheel assembly, the internal parts might bear the markings only of the automaker or the air bag manufacturer, not the inflator maker.

“You could have a ticking time bomb in your lap and you’ve got no way of knowing,” said Frank Melton, a Florida lawyer who is among those filing the new lawsuit.

One of the deaths was a mother of 10 who was killed in what appeared to be an otherwise minor crash in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula last summer. Police reports show that a metal inflator fragment hit her neck in a crash involving a 2015 Chevrolet Traverse SUV.

In a statement Tuesday, GM said it hadn’t had a chance to review the lawsuit. It said it is dedicated to the safety of its products and customers and is cooperating with NHTSA in its investigation.

Messages were left seeking comment from ARC and Ford. Volkswagen declined comment.

Degraded Tablets

The plaintiffs allege that ARC’s inflators use ammonium nitrate as a secondary propellant to inflate the air bags. The propellant is pressed into tablets that can expand and develop microscopic holes if exposed to moisture. Degraded tablets have a larger surface area, causing them to burn too fast and ignite too big of an explosion, according to the lawsuit.

The explosion can blow apart a metal canister housing the chemical, sending metal shards into the cabin. Ammonium nitrate, used in fertilizer and as a cheap explosive, is so dangerous that it can burn too fast even without moisture present, the lawsuit says.

The plaintiffs allege that ARC inflators have blown apart seven times on US roads and two other times in testing by ARC. There have so far been five limited recalls of the inflators that totaled about 5,000 vehicles, including three recalls by GM.

Auto safety advocates say the case seems to mirror the Takata air bag saga that began in the early 2000s, which also involved exploding air bag inflators and resulted in 28 deaths worldwide, hundreds of injuries and the largest automotive recall in US history. So far NHTSA has gathered information but hasn’t forced any wider recalls from its investigation that began in July of 2015.

Sean Kane, president of Safety Research & Strategies Inc., which conducts research for lawyers that sue automakers as well as for other groups, noted that just as in the early stages of the Takata ordeal, many ARC ammonium nitrate inflators remain in use.

“It’s almost like Groundhog Day here,” said Kane, who asserts that NHTSA should have acted already. “It’s not a question of whether it can kill or injure people. It already has.”

ARC, the lawsuit alleges, knew about the danger of ammonium nitrate in patent applications it filed in 1995 and 1998. In 2019, after several ARC inflators blew apart, ARC acknowledged that its use was not acceptable for automotive air bags, according to the lawsuit .

The suit asserts that General Motors, which began recalling Takata ammonium nitrate inflators in 2013, should have known that ARC’s inflators were also unstable.

“GM recalled only a small number of vehicles that contained a particular lot of inflators, despite its knowledge that ARC driver- and passenger-side inflators in various models and model years from 2002 through at least 2015 also had experienced ruptures,” the lawsuit said. .

In its statement Tuesday, GM said it makes recall decisions based on data and facts. It declined to comment further.

Systemic Problem

The lawsuit alleges that ARC’s inflators are marred by a systemic problem rather than just a limited manufacturing defect. In 2014, an ARC inflator in a 2004 Kia ​​Optima blew apart in a crash in New Mexico, injuring the driver.

Two years later, the driver of a car made by Kia’s sister automaker Hyundai was killed in Canada when an ARC inflator exploded in a crash.

The lawsuit also names Volkswagen and Ford as defendants, alleging that they represented the air bag inflators as safe while knowing they were dangerous.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration began investigating ARC inflators in 2015 after an Ohio woman was injured when an inflator exploded in a Chrysler minivan. At the time the agency estimated that there were 490,000 ARC inflators on the nation’s roads.

The review was elevated to an engineering analysis — a step closer to a product recall — in 2016 after the death in Canada.

Though a seven-year investigation is longer than most NHTSA reviews, inflators are particularly complex, said David Friedman, a former NHTSA acting administrator who is now a vice president at Consumer Reports.

Automakers appear to be balking at recalls for cost reasons, Friedman said. And NHTSA, he suggested, needs a “slam dunk” case before seeking recalls because of threats and lawsuits that automakers have filed in the past.

“That’s one of the things that’s broken in the system,” he said.

Friedman described NHTSA as a chronically underfunded agency that has had to prioritize safety issues after four years of the Trump administration, which demanded far less federal regulation.

“The fact that it’s stretched on seven years, the companies should have blinked, or NHTSA should have made them, or if they truly don’t have a case, then say so,” Friedman said.

A NHTSA official who spoke on the condition of anonymity in order to speak freely about an ongoing investigation, said the investigation has persisted because of the complexity of air bag inflators and because ARC’s design is different from Takata’s.

“We want to make sure what we do is thorough.” he said.

He noted that NHTSA’s investigation of ARC has had to examine issues different from the Takata case. Ammonium nitrate in Takata’s inflators, for example, would deteriorate when airborne moisture entered the canister. But ARC pressurizes its inflator canisters to keep moisture out.

“It’s not similar to Takata,” the official said.

Whether the ammonium nitrate tablets can deteriorate without moisture is still being investigated, he said.

The agency, he said, has retrieved ARC inflators from vehicles to learn how they work. It also has gathered production and other data from ARC and automakers and issued an order making automakers report any problems with ARC inflators.

He noted that several years went by without any incidents, before there were three in the past two years and that each of those cases is informing the investigation.

Copyright 2022 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.


CadenceSEO is Honored to be Highlighted in The Silicon Review’s Latest Feature Article


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The Silicone Review has posted a feature article in which Kevin McLauchlin, cofounder of Award Winning CadenceSEO, his insights about SEO strategy shares.

GILBERT, AZ, UNITED STATES, May 26, 2022 /EINPresswire.com/ — CadenceSEO is pleased to be featured in The Silicon Review, the leading digital marketing magazine covering emerging technologies and trends. This new article features an interview with the co-founder of CadenceSEO, Kevin McLauchlin. In it, he details the company’s commitment to providing an unmatched value is reflected in its affordable pricing structure, which is designed to fit any budget.

CadenceSEO is a leading SEO agency focused on providing high-quality results for clients who are looking for increased visibility online. The company has a reputation for delivering results that matter, including an impressive track record of achieving top rankings on Google and Bing. CadenceSEO was founded with the mission of helping businesses find their voice online, and they are ecstatic to have been recognized as one of the fastest-growing private companies in the past by The Silicone Review.

In the article Kevin also explains the company’s unique approach to digital marketing. Its mission has always been to provide customized services that are tailored to each client’s unique needs. This includes both technical and strategic solutions for improving website visibility and ranking on search engines like Google or Yahoo.

The Silicone Review is an online magazine that focuses on business and technology news, trends, and insights for Silicon Valley. The publication offers comprehensive reviews of various IT products, services, and companies. It focuses on innovative technology solutions and analyzes their application in many business areas. They publish articles about the latest trends in tech, as well as profiles of companies that are making an impact on the industry.

About the Company:

CadenceSEO believes in the power of collaboration. They offer honest, transparent SEO services that get results. The company values ​​collaboration and engagement to help deliver the best SEO audits and recommendations to companies big or small. Cadence offers a multitude of services including technical SEO consulting, content optimization and creation, ongoing strategy and execution, authority development, email marketing, and so much more.
With easy-to-understand pricing and plans, finding an SEO agency for your business has never been easier. For those looking for a free SEO consultation, CadenceSEO is readily available to offer expert advice when clients sign up for a free SEO consultation.

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email us here
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BC court hears new appeal in fentanyl trafficking case


Judges with British Columbia’s highest court have reserved a decision on a suspended sentence for a woman whether convicted of selling small amounts of fentanyl is reflective of a shift in attitudes and understanding of substance use, or akin to the court throwing its hands up on the issue of drug crimes.

Tanya Ellis, of Campbell River, BC, had pleaded guilty to one count of trafficking in fentanyl and one count of possession of fentanyl and cocaine for the purposes of trafficking after selling fentanyl to an undercover police in 2019.

Last November, a BC Provincial Court judge broke with legal precedent and decisions Ms. Ellis, 43, to 12 months’ probation with some conditions, emphasizing rehabilitation over punishment. Supporters hailed the sentence as a landmark decision that reflected the ineffectiveness of incarceration for low-level drug crimes and jail time being at odds with public-health objectives.

The Public Prosecution Service of Canada, which had sought a three-year sentence, citing principles of deterrence and denunciation, filed its appeal in mid-December.

In the BC Court of Appeal on Thursday, federal Crown counsel Ryan Carrier noted that Ms. Ellis had a prior conviction for trafficking and has spent almost 20 years under some form of community supervision. The probationary sentence – which came with conditions including community service and referral to addiction treatment or counseling, if she consented – does not reflect the gravity of Ms. Ellis’s crimes and is “essentially license for the respondent to continue doing pretty much what she’s been doing for 20 years,” he told a panel of three judges.

Supreme Court upholds ‘starting-point’ sentencing for fentanyl traffickers

Supreme Court to examine minimum prison sentences for fentanyl trafficking

Mr. Carrier said Provincial Court Justice Barbara Flewelling failed to conduct an individualized assessment of Ms. Ellis’s moral culpability and instead relied on generalities about low-level dealers only selling to support their own addictions. Ms. Ellis had stable housing, turned a profit from selling fentanyl and was on methadone, which allowed her to avoid significant opioid withdrawal symptoms, he said.

He said these generalities stemmed from the expert evidence of Ryan McNeil, the director of harm-reduction research at the Yale School of Medicine and a research scientist at the BC Center on Substance Use. Dr. McNeil presented a generalized picture of a BC drug user based on his experience working with people in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside, and had no direct information about Ms. Ellis’s actual circumstances, Mr. Carrier said.

Lawyer Sarah Runyon, who is co-defending Ms. Ellis with Pivot Legal Society’s Caitlin Shane, said the justice system has failed to effectively the drug use and drug dealing determinants precisely because it has ignored the science that formed the expert evidence in the case.

“We have continued to sentence precisely on stereotypes on this inaccurate dichotomy of this victim-user and villain drug dealer,” she said. “This entire piece of litigation set out to dismantle that misplaced dichotomy that is entirely premised upon these anecdotal assumptions.”

Dr. McNeil was properly qualified to provide expert evidence because he is one of the leading experts on harm reduction in North America, she said.

Ms. Runyon said Ms. Ellis is now in transitional housing, on opioid agonist therapy and is otherwise thriving, which shows the suspended sentence was effective.

The BC Court of Appeal in 2017 upped the sentencing range for dealing with fentanyl from six to 12 months to 18 to 36 months or longer, citing the growing number of deaths attributed to the powerful opioid as BC’s toxic drug crisis took off. In her decision last fall, Justice Flewelling said she found that those who sell small amounts of illegal drugs to feed their own further addictions are less morally culpable than criminal organizations up the hierarchy.

At the sentencing hearing in early 2021, Campbell River Provincial Court heard that Ms. Ellis grew up seeing her father assault her mother, and that she frequently acted out and began experimenting with drugs in Grade 3. By her early 20s, she was also in an abusive relationship in which a man physically and sexually assaulted her.

After that relationship ended, Ms. Ellis met a man with whom she went on to have two children. According to the statement of facts, that man had a substance-use disorder, was involved in criminal activity and spent “significant” periods of time in jail. He also introduced Ms. Ellis to heroin.

The couple had gone to residential treatment several times; two days after a five-week program in August, 2019, Ms. Ellis’s partner died from a suspected overdose, the court heard.

After the death, Ms. Ellis “stayed in bed for days, wondering how she was going to support her children and her drug addiction,” according to the statement of facts. She started selling small amounts of fentanyl, with the majority of proceeds going toward her own addiction.

In her written decision, Justice Flewelling said there has been a shift in societal and judicial attitudes and understanding about drug addiction that allowed her to revisit the sentencing range established in the BC Court of Appeal.

“I am imposing a sentence that will assist Ms. Ellis in her desire to associate with healthy people, learn other skills and tools that will assist her in managing her illness but, most importantly, assist her in realizing that she is a valuable and contributing member of this community,” she said.

We have a weekly Western Canada newsletter facing written by our BC and Alberta bureau chiefs, providing a comprehensive package of the news you need to know about the region and its place in the issues Canada. Sign up today.


Saluki Pride: Cynthia Heisner’s exceptional relationship with students contribute greatly to their success


Cynthia Heisner (center) celebrates winning the Staff Excellence Award with School of Law Dean Camille Davidson and Chancellor Austin A. Lane. (Photo by Russell Bailey)

Cynthia Heisner, an office administrator in the School of Law, approaches her many responsibilities with precision, which makes her a favorite in the office, said a colleague.

Trish McCubbin, professor in the School of Law, nominated Heisner for the university-level Staff Excellence Award, because of her outstanding skills, great teamwork, and the extraordinary relationship Heisner has with the law students.

“Ms. Heisner demonstrates an exceptional level of commitment to students, faculty, and staff. Her behavior is exemplary, and her role at the School of Law is critically important to the success of the university,” McCubbin said.


Name: Cynthia Heisner

Department/title: School of Law, office administrator

Years at SIU Carbondale: 14

Give us the elevator pitch for your job.

I am currently working as faculty support for 20+ faculty members as well as the business manager of the Southern Illinois University Law Journal. Some of my daily duties include calendaring, travel forms, P-card review, records management, formatting the law journal and student support. One of the unique things about this position at the law school is that assignments are graded anonymously — faculty don’t know which student they are grading. I make anonymous numbers for each student for every assignment, quiz and test, along with administering all midterms and finals. Because of this, I spend the majority of my time playing in Excel. This system also puts me in contact with every student at the law school, which happens to be my favorite part of my job.

Tell us more about the favorite part of your job.

I love when our students come to me for advice, to vent or just visit. As mentioned above, through testing, I am in contact with all of them. I get to spend the moments before exams with them where, hopefully, I can calm their nerves and create a great environment for test taking. I also return their grades after exams, so they must come see me for those as well. It is great to tell a student who has been struggling that they received the highest grade in the class or give a pep talk to someone who didn’t score so well.

Why did you choose SIU?

We are Salukis at my house. I graduated from SIU, along with my husband who is a current faculty member. It was an obvious choice for employment for both of us when we moved back to the area.

What are some places on campus you can visit to relax?

I love visiting with Kevin in the Dawg Lounge at Health Services. I think it is the most fantastic service on campus! I also like to eat lunch at Campus Lake on nice days.

What is your favorite holiday?

I live in Pinkneyville, and we celebrate Halloween with a Mardi Gras event every year. It is a weekend full of fun traditions, homecoming and more. That makes Halloween a definite favorite!

Know a colleague to feature in Saluki Pride? Simply fill out this form.

Obesity Surgery Devices Market to Grow Significantly by Leading Players (2022 – 2028): Budweiser, Modelo, Heineken, Coors, Stella


The latest report on the Obesity Surgery Devices Market provides a comprehensive overview of the industry’s important characteristics, including production, market growth rate, industry share, consumption value and volumedemand for specific types of products and services, and more. The publication focuses on providing a competitive advantage to industry newcomers and those who aim to enter the market in the next years. It offers information on the most recent consolidations, acquisitions, associations, purchasers, and vendors that have had a significant impact on this industry area, as well as experiences with the posting of serious scenes of business in recent years.

The study report offers projections of the industrial market’s demand prognosis for a given time period. Additionally, it provides essential insights into the market’s intricacies and the economic environment, as well as key knowledge for readers to capitalize on various industry patterns.

This paper is the most recent research on the COVID-19 outbreak’s effect review. The impact of the pandemic on demand and the supply chain, as well as the industry’s financial situation, are detailed here. The study also analyzes variances in industry dynamics and presents trends in a post-COVID-19 setting, as well as a futuristic outlook.

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Segmentation based on Key players

◘ Budweiser
◘ Modelo
◘ Heineken
◘ Coors
◘ Stella
◘ Corona
◘ Hite
◘ Becks
◘ Miller

Segmentation based on Type

◘ Pasteurimd Beer
◘ Draft Beer

Segmentation based on Application

◘ Super & Mall
◘ Brandstore
◘ E-commerce
◘ Others

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Market Performance (2016-2021)
Market Outlook (2022-2028)
Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
Market Drivers and Success Factors
SWOT Analysis
Value Chain

Comprehensive Mapping of the Competitive Landscape

This study is a compilation of primary and secondary research that presents market size, share, trends, and forecasts for major segments and sub-segments while taking macro and micro environmental aspects into account. It also assesses suppliers’ and buyers’ bargaining strength, the threat of new entrants and product substitutes, and the level of market competition.

Quadrants of Competition

The report contains a Competitive Quadrant, a patented tool for analyzing and evaluating a company’s position based on its Industry Position and Market Performance scores. The tool divides the players into four groups based on a number of characteristics. Financial performance during the previous three years, growth strategies, innovation score, new product launches, investments, market share growth, and so on are some of the elements that are evaluated for analysis.


The paper examines all of the major participants in the industry of Obesity Surgery Devices and provides solutions to some of the most pressing questions:

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• What are the chances of a new company entering this market?

• What products/services do those businesses provide?

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  • What are the main findings of Porter’s five forces analysis and the SWOT analysis of the major companies in the worldwide Obesity Surgery Devices Market?
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How to lose weight healthfully


Lisa Young, a registered dietitian nutritionist and author of “Finally Full, Finally Slim,” agrees. Mindful eating and healthy weight loss strategies can coexist, she said, speaking at the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics’ Food and Nutrition Conference and Expo, the world’s largest annual meeting of food and nutrition professionals.

“Mindful eating is a tool to help with weight loss,” Young said. “It helps you focus on your hunger and fullness levels, so you are eating because you are hungry, and you want that food — not because a big portion is in front of you.”

Being mindful during eating includes taking the time to sit down without any distractions, slowing down our pace of eating and tasting our food, explained registered dietitian nutritionist Lisa Stollman, who spoke on a panel with Young. “Doing things like that will help us get healthier and lose weight in a non-dieting way,” Stollman said.
Mindful or intuitive eating can also help you ask yourself: “Do I like this food? or “Am I really hungry?” It can also help you note when you are satisfied.” “This ultimately helps you eat a smaller portion and eat less, ” said Young, who is also an adjunct professor of nutrition at New York University.

“You don’t just want to lose weight and have an unhealthy relationship with food,” Young said. Yes, it’s OK to lose weight, while also being positive towards your body and treating yourself well…with kindness and compassion.”

The real meaning of ‘diet’

Losing weight by eating mindfully can significantly reduce chronic health issues, which is important for the 74% percent of US adults who are overweight or obese.
“We know people are overweight or obese are at much higher risk for heart disease, type 2 diabetes and many types of cancer — and we can’t ignore that,” Stollman said. Losing 5% of your body weight — that’s 10 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds — can help improve blood glucose levels, decreasing the risk for Type 2 diabetes. It can also help to improve cholesterol and blood pressure.
But the anti-diet culture doesn’t typically focus on the benefits of weight loss. “A lot of unhealthy diets have the word ‘diet’ in the name, so it’s assumed that a diet is a rigid, prescriptive, restrictive lifestyle plan you do to get to a goal,” Young explained.
The word “diet,” however, is defined in Merriam-Webster dictionary as “food and drink regularly provided or consumed” or “habitual nourishment.”
“Diet does not have to be a four-letter word,” said Keri Gans, author of “The Small Change Diet” and moderator of the session.

Instead, experts say it’s important to look at a diet as a lifestyle, a healthy food program, rather than a restrictive plan that cuts out many of your favorite foods.

How to eat more mindfully

Fad diets that eliminate food groups can drain you of energy and set you up for a lifetime of yo-yo dieting. Adopting a healthy lifestyle that includes mindful eating can also help you feel better and have more energy — and is more important than aiming for a specific number on the scale, experts say.

To get started with eating more mindfully, sit down and unplug while you eat. Taste your food and pay attention to whether or not you are enjoying what you are eating. And become aware of when you have had enough to eat.

“When we eat mindfully, we tend to keep our portion sizes in check,” Young said.

Also, try to eat slowly. The faster a person eats, the more likely it is that he or she will be overweight, Young said. In fact, one recent study found that fast eaters are 42% more likely to be overweight than slow eaters.

To help you put the brakes on the pace of your eating, Young recommended using a set of chop sticks. “If you’re not accustomed to eating with them, they will slow you down,” Young said.

Finally, focus on overall self-care. Becoming more in tune with ourselves and our needs, whether it’s more sleep or more exercise, helps us better manage stress and deal with anxiety — which can lead to a more mindful approach to eating, too.

“You’ll do less emotional eating and less stress eating … and this can all help you with your relationship with food, ultimately leading to weight loss,” Young said.


Fact Check-Recent monkeypox cases are not mistaken shingles, and not caused by shingles virus


Shingles is not not the same disease as monkeypox, the two diseases are caused by viruses from different families, and they are unlikely to be mistaken for each other based on laboratory tests or physical symptoms, despite online claims that suspected monkeypox cases reported around the world in recent weeks are really shingles episodes.

Shingles, also known as herpes zoster, is caused by reactivation of the dormant Varicella Zoster Virus, which causes chickenpox. Varicella Zoster is a member of the Herpesviruses family, unlike monkeypox, a member of the Poxviruses family, and the rashes caused by the two viruses manifest differently on the skin, experts confirmed to Reuters.

Some individuals have posted false claims online that recently-detected cases of monkeypox were really cases of shingles occurring as a side-effect of COVID-19 vaccination.

One user took to Twitter on May 21, 2022, and said: “Is Monkeypox really shingles from the jab?” (here)

Another said on Twitter: “Monkey pox = shingles. Shingles is a well-known side effect of the jab. You are being played. This narrative will not hold” (here).

An individual who shared the claim on Facebook said: “Pssst!! Monkeypox is really Shingles which is ramped now in people that got the cvd shot!! Wakie wakie…” (here).

After COVID vaccines rolled out widely in 2021, studies and news articles documented rare reports of shingles episodes following vaccination (here), here), (here), (here), (here). It remains unclear whether or how vaccination might have provoked those shingles cases.

But shingles and monkeypox are caused by different viruses.


Like all Herpesviruses, Zoster remains in the body following an active infection, usually a bowl of chickenpox during childhood. Shingles typically emerges during middle and old age, when the immune system is thought to weaken and to no longer be able to keep the Zoster virus dormant. It causes a painful rash, usually on just one part of the body, and can be treated with antiviral medications. (here).

Shingles and monkeypox differ in many aspects, experts told Reuters, including risk factors associated with the diseases and how the respective rashes manifest on the skin.

“There are major differences between monkeypox and shingles. Although both are viruses, they belong to different viral families,” Don Vinh, associate professor in the Division of Experimental Medicine at McGill University, told Reuters.

“Shingles is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox called Varicella Zoster Virus VZV, this virus is not of the same family as the virus that causes monkeypox,” Boghuma Kabisen Titanji, infectious disease fellow at Emory University School of Medicine, told Reuters ( here).

VZV belongs to the Herpesvirus family and is a cousin of ‘cold sores’, Dr Don Vinh explained. “VZV causes chickenpox mostly in children in North America, and then stays dormant in the body’s nerve roots,” he added.

Monkeypox, though, belongs to the Orthopoxvirus genus in the Poxviridae family, which is unrelated to VZV (here).

“Monkeypox is a cousin of smallpox. Monkeypox has historically been restricted to Western and Central Africa. Monkeypox is a zoonosis (infection primarily transmitted to humans from animals): Exposure to rodents usually underlies the start of human outbreaks,” Vinh said (here).

“Monkeypox is a primary infection caused by contact with a person or animal with active disease. Shingles is reactivation of the virus that causes chickenpox,” said Seth Blumberg, associate professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. “The known risk factors of monkeypox are mostly related to exposure to infected people or animals, whereas the risk factors for shingles are older age, and immunosuppression,” he added.

Although both diseases cause a rash with small blisters, there are differences in the type of rash caused and the distribution of the rash on the skin.

“Shingles tends to affect one narrow strip of the skin on just one side of the body, whereas monkeypox can affect the entire body,” Blumberg said.

“Shingles usually causes pain, tingling or discomfort before the appearance of the skin lesions (called “vesicles,” which are small blisters of fluid). The lesions of shingles are typically localized to one skin distribution (called “dermatome”), although in some rare instances, it can involve more than one dermatome or even involve the entire body,” Vinh explained, while monkeypox does not stay localized to a dermatome (here).

The skin lesions caused by monkeypox, and shingles also look very different, Vinh said, with monkeypox usually associated with swollen lymph nodes while chickenpox and shingles are not (here), (here).

“Chickenpox and Shingles usually have their skin lesions in different stages at the same time (you get vesicles and scabs, at the same time), whereas Monkeypox has synchronous lesions (all the lesions usually look at the same at any given stage of the disease). ),” he added.

Specific tests can also distinguish between the two. “DNA amplification techniques such as PCR test can be used to test for these conditions and can help distinguish which virus is causing the rash,” Titanji said.


False. Shingles and monkeypox are not the same disease, despite widely spread claims online by social media users. Shingles is caused by the Varicella Zoster Virus, which is a different virus, belonging to a different family, from the virus that causes monkeypox. Lesions caused by shingles are typically localized to one skin distribution while monkeypox does not stay localized to one distribution on the body.

This article was produced by the Reuters Fact Check team. Read more about our fact-checking work here.


Survey: Most drivers don’t understand what their auto insurance covers


Survey: Most drivers don’t understand what their auto insurance covers

By Dave LaChance

Most drivers are misinformed about what their car insurance covers, with many believing that they have insurance that isn’t actually available, a nationwide survey conducted for Forbes Advisor has found.

As a result, “drivers may be surprised by what’s not covered by their insurance when they try to make a claim after a car crash or other vehicle damage,” Forbes Advisor said.

“Car insurance is meant to be a financial safety net if you cause a crash, get injured or accidentally damage your own vehicle,” the publication said. “But our survey found that this safety net has a lot of big holes due to lack of basic auto insurance knowledge.”

The survey results are a reminder for repairers that their customers may not be familiar with their policies and may need some guidance, particularly since most drivers go seven to 10 years between being involved in accidents.

The online survey of 2,000 US adults was conducted by market research company OnePoll, with data collected March 23-24, 2022. It centered on types of coverage, and did not delve into issues specific to the claims process.

The survey found that at least 40% of drivers believe they have coverage that doesn’t exist in a car insurance policy:

  • 47% of drivers think “additional living expenses” coverage is part of their auto insurance policies. This coverage is actually part of homeowners and renters insurance.
  • 49% of drivers think their auto insurance includes “extended crash protection,” which isn’t an actual coverage type.
  • 41% say they have “vehicle emissions” insurance in their auto insurance policies. There is no coverage for vehicle emissions.

Drivers between the ages of 18 and 25 were most likely to believe that they have coverage that’s not offered:

  • 74% believe they have accidental death and dismemberment insurance in their auto insurance policies.
  • 69% say their car insurance covers “additional living expenses.”
  • 68% think they have “extended crash protection,” which doesn’t exist.
  • 65% believe their car insurance covers “vehicle emissions.”

Beyond that, many drivers don’t understand the coverage that they do have. “We asked drivers to identify the types of car insurance that would cover common problems. Across the board, most respondents were not able to identify the correct coverage,” Forbes Advisor said. Among the findings:

  • 57% did not know that collision coverage would pay for vehicle damage if they accidentally backed into a pole.
  • 59% did not know that comprehensive coverage would pay if a tree branch damaged their car’s roof.
  • 62% did not know that liability coverage would pay for damage done to another driver’s car in an accident they had caused.

The biggest knowledge gap, Forbes Advisor said, was about uninsured motorist coverage. It noted that only 3% of drivers knew that none of the standard insurance types listed would cover the injuries suffered by an uninsured motorist who crashed into their vehicle. (Uninsured motorist insurance covers a policyholder’s injuries from an uninsured driver.)

The survey breaks down responses by age. In general, drivers ages 18-25 were the most likely to give wrong answers; the percentage of right answers increased in higher age groups, but then fell off at age 77 and up.

For example, 91% of young drivers believe that car insurance will pay if their car won’t start, while 62% of drivers ages 58-76 knew that none of the coverage types listed would cover a vehicle that won’t start.

Responses are also broken down by geographic region. For instance, 43% of those in the Southwest knew that collision coverage would pay for backing into a pole, versus 34% in the Midwest, 33% in the Southeast, 32% in the Northeast, and 30% in the West.

Repairers who are looking to offer their customers a good reference on auto insurance coverage might want to consider the OEM Collision Repair Roundtable’s Crash Repair Info website, which offers consumers good points to consider on insurance and a number of other collision-related issues.

Some states’ insurance departments can also offer useful reference material. For instance, the Missouri Department of Insurance and the Nevada Division of Insurance both offer free, downloadable copies of auto policies and mandatory endorsements offered by a number of auto companies doing business in their insurance states. Both are linked from the Crash Repair Info site.

Some repairer associations have taken proactive steps toward educating consumers about what’s covered in their auto insurance policies. For instance, Wisconsin Collision Repair Professionals (WCRP) has posted two videos on its YouTube channel, advising consumers on co-pays and offering tips on shopping for a policy.

More information

Why you might owe a co-pay for your auto repairs & tips for insurance policy shopping


Featured image: Most drivers are unfamiliar with the provisions of their insurance policy, a survey conducted for Forbes Advisor found. (Mohamad Faizal Bin Ramli/iStock)

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Odiegwu, therapist helping people manage marital problems, mental health


Halima Odiegwu is President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of a behavioral health company, Purple Lifeline Connections with subsidiaries, among which is the popular Lifelines With Mima, a television and radio program fast-growing and reaching out to those in need of counseling not only in Nigeria but other countries, including Gambia and the United Kingdom (UK), REGINA OTOKPA reports

The President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Purple Lifeline Connections, Halima Odiegwu, has been committed to providing the needed mental and psychological help to couples, men and women in need of proper counseling to put their lives in perspective, by better managing their everyday problems. Together with her team, she has reached so many lives and helped healed troubled families within the last 12 years of being both a marriage counsellor/ relationship coach, as well as a mental therapist. to her: “Purple Lifeline Connections was born from the passion and mission to reach out to people by creating exceptional and well-tailored products that employ a holistic approach in dealing with marital problems, mental health and domestic violence. “Our vision is to create a pioneer behavioral management company in the country by providing outstanding personalized quality service. We are also in the business of advocacy, and we do run one of Nigeria’s foremost counseling companies. In the face of the alarming statistics about domestic violence, of course, recently we lost one of our dear gospel musicians to this incident of domestic violence.

“I thought it was wise and important that we draw the attention of Nigerians to how critical and alarming this trend is becoming. In the past, it used to be just women, and children today, we have a rise also in domestic violence against men. “This trend is becoming terrible and alarming and we are not really doing much about it. We are hiding these things. Men are shy to say their wives beat them; women are shy to tell people what they’re going through. They are financially handicaped and so they are dependent on their abusers and for that reason, they stay.

“Even the authorities have not made things better; when you go to the police they will tell you, Oh, it’s a domestic matter. You should go home and settle. We’ve recorded quite a number of deaths and in my practice every day as a therapist, the case comes up all the time.” Halima noted that children who grew up in abusive environments more often than not grow up traumatised and dysfunctional.

“Now the ripple effect of these things is that now we are raising children that are drug addicts, that are prostitutes that have to run and leave home early, because they’re being abused, and therefore that causes us a high crime rate and as a society, we are paying dearly for it.”

Wondering if Purple Lifeline Connections was a staged show, she clarified that: “We try to put out the stories of our clients who give us permission to share their stories with the world about what they’re treating with what they’re dealing with and how We as a company, myself and my team come together to give them counsel to help them to sort it out so as to help them manage these everyday problems and therefore, by extension, the rest of the world who see how we’re dealing with these issues and have a place to run to and also an idea of ​​what to do on the long term.”

Reason for abuse

Stating possible reasons for abuse, she said lack of knowledge, illiteracy and a poor justice system were helping to heighten the menace, which was taking the lives of women by the day. “We are illiterate in a lot of ways. If you raise a child to believe that aggression and violence is the way to sort problems, that’s what he’s going to take into the world. He batters his wife and by extension his children and raises further monsters that will grow into bigger problems. So first of all, we have to change our upbringing and the way we think; our mindset has to change. “Being uneducated just puts you at a disadvantage because you don’t even know what is bad and what is good and whether you can get help for it from the government. There’s definitely a lot the government can do. Advocacy is very crit-ical. Government should support NGOs and people like us that are trying to do something about it.

Strengthening justice system

“The police and the justice system should also clamp down seriously on people that are domestically violent or abusive in any way. For you and I everyday people, if you see your neighbor being abused, don’t keep quiet about it. If it’s your friend going through it, don’t keep quiet. People stay in bad marriages and bad relationships because they are financially handicapped. They don’t have money to survive and their abuse is the person that they are dependent on. That is also a factor so the government can come in from the area of ​​making it economically better for all of us, especially for women who are always in a disadvantaged position.” The therapist said that her organization has assisted about 700 people in Nigeria and other countries. They have been offering counseling to politicians, people in prison and everyday people.” Also working in collaboration with her husband who owns a hospital, she and her team made up of mental health experts, psychiatrists, and doctors, special attention is given to cases of attempted suicide and mental health disorder, especially those that have degenerated into bad cases.

Silence culture

Halima who frowned at the culture of silence by survivors of abuse, noted there was nothing shameful with getting help no matter the individual and gender involved, or the manner of case in question. “We’re dealing with the effect of the mistakes that our own parents before now have made. Let’s teach boys that they can be emotional, it’s okay for a boy to cry. Let’s teach them that it’s okay for them to complain. Let’s teach them that it’s okay to have a moment of weakness. “You don’t have to always be macho. We teach our boys not to raise their hands to hit women but we don’t teach them what to do if women hit them and so you see a man suffering in silence. They’re beating him but because he’s been trained not to touch a woman, he will not touch her but he continues in the abuse until something terrible happens. So it still boils down to advocacy and sensitising the public.”


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