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Bipartisan bill targets near-total control of online advertising by Facebook, Google

Congressional lawmakers have proposed legislation to break Google and Facebook’s monopoly over digital advertising, accusing the tech giants of profiteering off their market dominance.

Both the House and Senate have introduced the “Competition and Transparency in Digital Advertising Act,” which proponents say would restore and protect fair competition in digital advertising markets that have been dominated by Google and Facebook.

In a statement introducing the bill, Sen. Mike Lee, the bill’s chief sponsor, said it would free the internet from online monopolies.

“This lack of competition in digital advertising means that monopoly rents are being imposed upon every website that is ad-supported and every company—small, medium, or large—that relies on internet advertising to grow its business,” he said. “It is essentially a tax on thousands of American businesses, and thus a tax on millions of American consumers.”

The bill has not yet been scheduled for consideration in the committee in either chamber, and it faces pushback from wary lawmakers, particularly those from California, which is home to Apple, Google parent company Alphabet and Facebook parent company Meta, as well as scores of other tech players.

But it marks another of many attempts by Congress to assert federal control over the flourishing and largely ungoverned online industry.

The bill would ban large digital advertising companies like Google from owning more than one part of the digital ad “ecosystem,” and it would block them from playing a dual role in the advertising process.

Large companies, namely Google, would have to end their ownership of both supply-side platforms and demand-side platforms that have helped them generate significant revenue.

In 2021, Alphabet earned more than $209 billion from advertising and Meta made roughly $115 billion from advertising.

Other Big Tech firms would also be impacted.

Mr. Lee, Utah Republican, said the legislation would likely require Google and Facebook to “divest significant portions” of their ad businesses, which account for a large portion of their ad revenue.

Amazon could also be required to make advertising divestments, and the bill would “impact” Apple’s developing third-party business, Mr. Lee said.

Mr. Lee said Google, Facebook and other Big Tech firms need regulation because they have used massive troves of user data to establish a monopoly over digital advertising that blocks competition and hurts consumers.

The measure has attracted a handful of co-sponsors so far.

Like other Big Tech bills, support comes from a coalition of Republicans and Democrats who demonstrate that the desire to rein in the industry cuts across party lines.

The bill is co-sponsored by Sens. Ted Cruz, Texas Republican, Amy Klobuchar, Minnesota Democrat, and Richard Blumenthal, Connecticut Democrat.

An identical measure was introduced Thursday in the House. It was sponsored by Rep. Ken Buck, a Colorado Republican who has long sought to bring massive tech companies to heel.

Support in the House also spans the political spectrum. Mr. Buck is a member of the arch-conservative House Freedom Caucus. The co-sponsors include Rep. Pramila Jayapal of Washington who chairs the Democrat’s Progressive Caucus.

Reps. Matt Gaetz, Florida Republican, and David CiccilineCicilline, Rhode Island Democrat, are also sponsors.

“The online advertising market is monopolized, opaque, and rigged in favor of just two companies: Google and Facebook,” Rep. Cicilline said.

Despite the broad political coalition backing the bill, its passage, or even floor consideration, is far from guaranteed. Lawmakers in both parties have opposed implementing government controls over flourishing online platforms.

Previous attempts in Congress to implement antitrust reform in the tech industry haven’t gotten very far yet and the window is closing fast this year.

Congress is expected to adjourn by August for a long summer recess. When they return, the midterm elections will be just a few months away and lawmakers typically steer clear of major legislation before facing voters at the polls.

Among the major bills Mr. Buck, Ms. Klobuchar and other proponents hope to pass this Congress is the American Innovation and Choice Online Act, which would ban online businesses such as Amazon and Facebook from giving preference to their services over other advertisers.

The bill has advanced in the Senate and House but has yet to receive a floor vote in either chamber because other lawmakers in both parties say the bill is too broad and would potentially hurt consumers.

Big Tech has enjoyed a firewall of protection from the House and Senate delegation of lawmakers from California.
“While I share the desire to reform digital markets and increase competition, as drafted, the bills fall short and will create more harm than good for American consumers and the US economy,” Rep. Zoe Lofgren, a California Democrat, said in a statement opposing the American Choice and Innovation Online Act and a suite of bills advanced earlier this year to curb tech monopolies.

The tech giants spent millions of dollars lobbying Congress to block federal controls over their industry.

They argue government controls would cause a wide range of problems that would hurt advertisers and consumers.

In a January blog post, Google Global Affairs President Ken Walker said legislation to check big tech could stifle innovation by requiring firms to get approval from the government before launching new programs. Consumers could end up with less helpful apps, lower-quality search results and less security from cyberattacks.

“Antitrust law is about ensuring that companies are competing hard to build their best products for consumers,” Mr. Walker said. “But the vague and sweeping provisions of these bills would break popular products that help consumers and small businesses, only to benefit a handful of companies who brought their pleas to Washington.”

Best No-Bake Cake Recipe Everyone Should Know, According to Chef


  • I’ve been a chef for 15 years, and I love this recipe for caramelized-banana pudding icebox cake.
  • This dessert calls for store-bought cookies and doesn’t require any baking.
  • You can individually serving the cake in advance to make it much easier.

I’ve been a chef for over 15 years, and icebox cakes are one of my favorite easy, decadent desserts to throw together.

Icebox cakes are made using premade ingredients, like whipped cream and premade cookies, and they must be chilled.

One of my favorite icebox-cake recipes is a mix between tiramisu and banana pudding, which are traditionally made as layered casseroles.

My recipe pulls from the best parts of tiramisu

The ingredients for the caramelized-banana pudding icebox cake

Alissa Fitzgerald

The beauty of icebox cakes is that they’re assembled the day before and simply rest overnight in the fridge, which makes prep a dream.

There’s no baking needed, and the cookies soften overnight from the residual moisture in the pudding and cream.

I use ladyfingers, a common ingredient in tiramisu. I recommend choosing high-quality ones since they’re the base of the cake.

The mascarpone adds a slight hint of silky cheese.

Alissa Fitzgerald

Tiramisu also traditionally calls for mascarpone, a rich and soft cream cheese. In this case, adding the ingredient to the instant pudding mix layers the tang of silky cheese into the banana flavor.

Opt for slightly green bananas

Caramelize the bananas with butter, brown sugar, and a little salt.

Alissa Fitzgerald

Slightly green bananas better retain their shape when browned in a pan.

By adding the butter, brown sugar, and a pinch of salt, you enhance the caramelized flavors that give this crowd-pleasing dessert an extra wow factor.

Feel free to experiment with adding a tablespoon of rum or bourbon to the pan for a boozy kick.

You can individually portion this tasty dessert to make it easier to serve

You can portion out the cake before refrigerating it.

Alissa Fitzgerald

Everyone loves a big slice from a casserole dish, but portioning the puddings in advance allows your guests to serve themselves, plus you can better control the presentation.

You can use stemmed or stemless wine glasses, little ramekins, or tiny Mason jars.


  • 3.4-ounce package of banana-pudding mix
  • 2 cups milk or substitute
  • 1 cup mascarpone cheese
  • 3 slightly green bananas
  • 1 tablespoon butter
  • 1/2 cup brown sugar
  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt (plus a little extra for garnish)
  • A 7-ounce package of ladyfingers


  1. Whisk the banana-pudding mix in a large bowl with the milk or substitute until fully combined.
  2. In a separate bowl, add the mascarpone cheese and 4 tablespoons of pudding mix. Break it up with your whisk or hand mixer and incorporate any lumps until smooth and creamy. Add this into the pudding bowl and combine. The mix should slightly thicken while sitting.
  3. Place sliced ​​banana rounds or halves facedown onto a dry pan over medium-high heat. The bottoms should start to brown after a few minutes.
  4. Turn the heat down to medium. Break the butter up into pieces and scatter it around the pan. Let the butter melt completely, then sprinkle brown sugar over the top. Add a pinch of salt and move the pan around to distribute the liquid. Cook until the butter and sugar combine into a rich, bubbling brown color. Turn the heat off and let the contents rest.
  5. Fill your serving container halfway with the mixture of mascarpone and banana pudding. Then tightly pack a layer of ladyfingers, breaking them into halves or thirds when necessary.
  6. Spoon some caramelized bananas into the center of the ladyfinger ring, reserving a few of the nice-looking pieces for garnish. Add more of the pudding mix to the middle. Place a browned banana on top and finish with a pinch of salt.
  7. Place in the refrigerator overnight or for at least two to three hours. Serve cold or at room temperature.

Career advice from the owner of NYC’s Yu and Me Books


At 27 years old, Lucy Yu is in her second career and living out what she originally planned to be her retirement goal. She’s the owner of Yu and Me Books, New York City’s first Asian American woman-owned bookstore located in Manhattan’s Chinatown.

Yu is a chemical engineer by training and, until recently, worked as a supply chain manager for a food company. In 2021, however, spurred by burnout and finding solace in books, she decided to pursue a lifelong “dream pipe” of opening a bookstore — one that featured works from Asian Americans, authors of color, immigrants and people from marginalized communities.

One night over wine, she Googled “how to run a bookstore” and a few hours later found herself with the outline of a business plan. She raised nearly $16,000 through GoFundMe and poured her life savings into rent, overhead costs and the beginning of her inventory.

By December, Yu and Me Books opened to the public, and in February, Yu quit her day job to focus on running the bookstore full-time. “I just took a shot and hoped it would turn out for the best,” she says.

Yu shared with CNBC Make It the biggest lessons she’s learned throughout a year of becoming a business owner, plus her best book recommendations.

The biggest lesson she learned about running a business

I’m going to make mistakes. That’s for sure. So learning to be less hard on myself has been a big learning curve, but also vital for me to keep a sustainable business going. If I dwell on the small things, even some of the big things, I have to remind myself: Mistakes are bound to happen. I’ve learned to roll with the punches a little more and give myself some breathing room, which is a good life skill in general.

Dealing with imposter syndrome

There are days when I feel I’m at a total loss for what I’m doing. I really don’t have much experience. I don’t know what it’s like to be in the publishing world. And it’s my first time owning a business, especially a bookstore. So I can feel just really defeated at times.

But the motivation I’ve gotten is through the love and support from my friends who tell me: Look at what you’ve created out of a Google search. They’ve really lifted me up when I’ve been down.

The best career advice she’s ever gotten

Be prepared, but don’t let that prepare stifle a leap of faith. My last manager said I had to be a little more open to ambiguity, and so I took that to heart. There’s no way you can predict everything.

Finding support in the business community

While creating my business plan, I called a couple different bookstores for guidance and heard from Noelle Santos of the Lit. Bar in the Bronx. I just asked her basic questions about business insurance, and she was so immediately friendly and said, “if you ever need anything, let me know.”

Emma Straub from Books Are Magic in Brooklyn reached out to me pretty early on in my GoFundMe campaign. She showed up on my opening day with her kids. She owns a bookstore — she doesn’t need books from a different bookstore! But the amount of love she brought to me before she even knew me to show her support was above and beyond.

Yu and Me Books features stories by AAPI writers, immigrants, authors of color and members of marginalized communities.

Courtesy of subject

And the community in Chinatown is phenomenal. It’s the most I’ve felt at home in a neighborhood living in New York City. Every shop owner shows up for each other. I’ll go to Uncle Lou, a new Cantonese restaurant, during the day. Wilson Tang, who owns Nom Wah Tea Parlor, comes in with his kids all the time. And all the community organizers of groups like Welcome to Chinatown and Send Chinatown Love — the way they show up for each other throughout the community is something I’ve really never seen before.

Planning the future two weeks at a time

I hope to extend the store’s reach beyond the community in New York, host book clubs, and make it more of a community event space. I’m working on a liquor license so we can stay open later on the weekends and people can hang out.

But I honestly don’t think past two weeks, which is not ideal for a business owner. But I think with all the unpredictability of everything we’ve experienced in the last three years, you can’t really predict anything. And if I can make it past two weeks, and it’s a really positive, awesome experience, I can do it again two weeks after that.

How she builds her book list

I have around 1,700 titles, and I handpick all of them myself, so I definitely have some blind spots and titles that are missing that I’m working on.

I peruse a lot of Bookstagram. I’m not kidding, these book Instagrammers are out here doing amazing work presenting titles that are not always at the top of big lists. I spend a lot of time on StoryGraph, an app with wonderful recommendations that isn’t owned by Amazon. I spend a lot of time researching and creating my lists every week.

4 book recommendations


Online Dating Services Market 2021 Business Development-Match,PlentyofFish,OkCupid,Zoosk,eHarmony,JiaYuan,BaiHe,ZheNai,YouYuan,NetEase


New Jersey, United States,- Mr Accuracy Reports published new research on Global Online Dating Services covering micro level of analysis by competitors and key business segments (2022-2029). The Global Online Dating Services explores comprehensive study on various segments like opportunities, size, development, innovation, sales and overall growth of major players. The research is carried out on primary and secondary statistics sources and it consists both qualitative and quantitative detailing.

Some of the Major Key players profiled in the study are Match, PlentyofFish, OkCupid, Zoosk, eHarmony, JiaYuan, BaiHe, ZheNai, YouYuan, NetEase

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Various factors are responsible for the market’s growth trajectory, which are studied at length in the report. In addition, the report lists down the restraints that are posing threat to the global Online Dating Services market. This report is a consolidation of primary and secondary research, which provides market size, share, dynamics, and forecast for various segments and sub-segments considering the macro and micro environmental factors. It also gauges the bargaining power of suppliers and buyers, threat from new entrants and product substitute, and the degree of competition prevailing in the market.

Global Online Dating Services Market Segmentation:

Online Dating Services Segmentation by Type:

Casual, Socialize, Marriage.

Online Dating Services Segmentation by Application:

Ordinary, LGBT

Key market aspects are illuminated in the report:

Executive Summary: It covers a summary of the most vital studies, the Global Online Dating Services market increasing rate, modest circumstances, market trends, drivers and problems as well as macroscopic pointers.

Study Analysis: Covers major companies, vital market segments, the scope of the products offered in the Global Online Dating Services market, the years measured and the study points.

Company Profile: Each Firm well-defined in this segment is screened based on a products, value, SWOT analysis, their ability and other significant features.

Manufacture by region: This Global Online Dating Services report offers data on imports, exports, sales, production and key companies in all studied regional markets

Market Segmentation: By Geographical Analysis

The Middle East and Africa (GCC Countries and Egypt)
North America (the United States, Mexico, and Canada)
South America (Brazil etc.)
Europe (Turkey, Germany, Russia UK, Italy, France, etc.)
Asia-Pacific (Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, Korea, Thailand, India, Indonesia, and Australia)

The cost analysis of the Global Online Dating Services Market has been performed while keeping in view manufacturing expenses, labor cost, and raw materials and their market concentration rate, suppliers, and price trend. Other factors such as supply chain, downstream buyers, and sourcing strategy have been assessed to provide a complete and in-depth view of the market. Buyers of the report will also be exposed to a study on market positioning with factors such as target client, brand strategy, and price strategy taken into consideration.

Key questions answered in the report include:

  • who are the key market players in the Online Dating Services Market?
  • Which are the major regions for dissimilar trades that are expected to eyewitness astonishing growth for the Online Dating Services Market?
  • What are the regional growth trends and the leading revenue-generating regions for the Online Dating Services Market?
  • What will be the market size and the growth rate by the end of the forecast period?
  • What are the key Online Dating Services Market trends impacting the growth of the market?
  • What are the major Product Types of Online Dating Services?
  • What are the major applications of Online Dating Services?
  • Which Online Dating Services Services technologies will top the market in next 7 years?

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Table of Contents

Global Online Dating Services Market Research Report 2022 – 2029

Chapter 1 Online Dating Services Market Overview

Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry

Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers

Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region

Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions

Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application

Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis

Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

Chapter 12 Global Online Dating Services Market Forecast

If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want. you can also get individual chapter wise section or region wise report version like North America, Europe or Asia.

Common Cold – or Something More Serious?


You feel it coming on: itchy eyes, runny nose, a tickle in your throat. Over the next few days, your symptoms progress to include sneezing, congestion, fatigue, cough and a sore throat. Despite your best efforts, it looks like you’ve caught the common cold, and if you’re not attentive it could get worse.

How Common Is the Cold?

Colds are a minor viral infection that account for more doctor visits than any other illness. Adults, on average, catch two to four colds a year — kids even more — with most cases reported between September and May.

Highly contagious, colds spread much like the flu, by droplets of fluid or inhaled. The most common cause, rhinovirus, accounts for more than 40 percent of reported cases, usually last less than 10 days and can be treated with symptom relief medications and rest.

If left unchecked however, a cold can progress to more serious illnesses. And sneezing, congestion and sore throat also can be symptoms of other ailments.

  • Think it might be the flu? Although both viral in nature, colds differ from the flu, which ramps up faster and includes more severe symptoms such as weakness, chills and body aches.

  • Think it might be allergies? Allergies can share symptoms with the common cold, but allergies are noncontagious responses of your immune system to an allergen, frequent seasonal and controllable by antihistamines.

Other Illnesses Can Stem from a Cold

Fighting any minor ailment weakens your immune system, leaving you vulnerable to other illnesses. The four most-common conditions stemming from a common cold virus, or that begin with cold-like symptoms, include:

  • Acute bronchitis – Also called a “chest cold,” acute bronchitis results from excessive mucus in your lungs and swollen airways. This can bring additional health complications such as chest tightness, heavy cough and exhaustion.

  • Sinus infections – Sinusitis occurs when fluid builds up in your sinuses and allows bacteria to grow. This can trigger other symptoms, such as severe facial pain, headaches, earaches and bad breath.

  • Pneumonia – Pneumonia causes fluid to form in the lungs’ air sacs. Though a bacterial infection can cause pneumonia, it more often results from another viral infection, such as a cold or flu. Pneumonia’s symptoms include chest pain, shortness of breath, vomiting and diarrhea. It can become severe and lead to lung abscess or respiratory failure.

  • Strep throat – Strep throat is a highly contagious bacterial infection. It often starts quickly and includes pain with swallowing, fever and swollen neck lymph nodes. At first, the post-nasal drip irritation might look similar to a cold, but since strep is viral, it can be treated with antibiotics.

When To See Your Doctor

While most common colds only come with mild symptoms that are manageable by over-the-counter remedies such as ibuprofen, cough syrups and decongestants, some more critical reactions could warrant a trip to the doctor or emergency room:

  • Prolonged fever above 102 F

  • Symptoms lasting longer than 10 days, or that worsen

  • Shortness of breath or labored breathing

  • Pain or pressure in the chest

  • Lightheadedness or fainting

  • Confusion or disorientation

  • Severe or persistent vomiting, dehydration

  • Severe pain in your face, forehead or ears

If you’re over 65, pregnant or have chronic health conditions such as asthma, diabetes or heart disease, speak with your doctor to find out which medications and treatments are safe and effective.

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Children’s viruses that disappeared during pandemic lockdowns are back, doctors say


As children emerge from their homes after COVID-19-related lockdowns, common viruses that all but disappeared during the pandemic are re-emerging too, doctors say.

“This time of year in pediatric hospitals, it’s usually quiet,” said Dr. Fatima Kakkar, a pediatric infectious diseases specialist at CHU Sainte-Justine in Montreal. “But now we’re seeing a surge of respiratory infections.”

The level of non-COVID illnesses is what Kakkar usually sees in the fall, she said, when children are out and about in daycares or schools.

While the public health measures taken in the last year — including physical distancing, masking and staying home — were used to stop the spread of COVID-19, they also had the side benefit of preventing other respiratory viruses, including colds, respiratory syncytial virus ( RSV) and human parainfluenza virus, which causes crup.

But experts say that also means because children haven’t come in contact with those viruses for a long time, they haven’t built up the antibodies they normally would — and they won’t have the immunity they might otherwise have.

“What’s happened to us is we … had no exposure,” said Dr. Allison McGeer, an infectious diseases specialist and microbiologist at Sinai Health in Toronto.

“Now that we’re getting back to normal and kids can see each other, we’re starting to see those infections [again] in children.”

Now that kids are emerging from isolation, they’re being exposed to common viruses their immune systems haven’t encountered for more than a year, experts say. (Syda Productions/Shutterstock)

Kids will usually recover from most of these illnesses on their own, but Kakkar said pediatricians are especially worried about a rise in RSV. Although it’s a common virus, it can cause breathing problems in infants and toddlers that are so severe they require hospital care, she said.

Last month, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a health advisory notifying health-care providers that RSV cases were on the rise in parts of the country, and asking them to test children with acute respiratory symptoms for RSV if COVID-19 was ruled out.

According to the CDC, RSV is the most common cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children under one.

Flu still to come

One respiratory virus that doctors aren’t seeing yet is the flu, Kakkar said.

But after a year with essentially no flu season, largely due to COVID-19 precautions, influenza is expected to return this fall.

Even though our immune systems may not be ready for the flu this year, there’s good news, doctors say.

“People are worried about the flu coming back. But for the flu, we have a safe and effective vaccine,” said Dr. Ellen Foxman, an immunologist at the Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, Conn.

“This is a great year to get your flu shot if you haven’t done it before,” said Foxman, noting that she gets her three children vaccinated every year.

Although children are getting more respiratory infections, doctors say parents shouldn’t be alarmed.

“This is not a big deal for most children,” McGeer said.

Pediatric infectious diseases specialist Dr. Fatima Kakkar says there’s a ‘surge’ of respiratory infections that her hospital wouldn’t normally see until the fall. (Submitted by Fatima Kakkar )

Plus, she said, parents can use several of the same precautions they’ve learned during the COVID-19 to help prevent the spread of re-emerging childhood pandemic viruses.

“Wash your hands,” McGeer said. “We know that simple things reduce your risk of respiratory viral infections.”

“[There’s] good evidence that washing your hands five times a day reduces the risk by about 30 per cent, give or take.”

Staying home when you’re sick and keeping your child at home if they have symptoms is also a behavior adopted during COVID-19 that needs to continue, Kakkar said.

Plus, parents should be prepared now to deal with viruses they wouldn’t normally expect until the fall.

“Pretend it’s October,” she said.

Maternal Autoimmune Diseases Up Risk of Mental Illness in Children


Mental disorders were significantly more likely in children whose mothers had one of five common autoimmune diseases, a new study found.

Previous research has linked both maternal and paternal autoimmune diseases and specific mental disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but most of these studies focused on specific conditions in relatively small populations. The new study included data on more than 2 million births, making it one of the largest efforts to date to examine the association, according to the researchers, whose findings were published in JAMA Network Open.

Previous evidence of the possible association between certain maternal autoimmune diseases and mental disorders in offspring has been “scattered and limited,” which “hampered an overall understanding” of the link, Fei Li, MD, the corresponding author of the study, told Medscape Medical News.

Li, of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, in China, and her colleagues reviewed data from a Danish registry cohort of singleton births with up to 38 years of follow-up. They explored associations between a range of maternal autoimmune diseases diagnosed before childbirth and the risks of mental disorders in children in early childhood through young adulthood.

The study population included 2,254,234 births and 38,916,359 person-years. Data on mental health were collected from the Psychiatric Central Research Register and the country’s National Patient Register. The median age of the children at the time of assessment was 16.7 years; approximately half were male.

A total of 50,863 children (2.26%) were born to mothers who had been diagnosed with autoimmune diseases before childbirth. During the follow-up period, 5460 children of mothers with autoimmune diseases and 303,092 children of mothers without autoimmune diseases were diagnosed with a mental disorder (10.73% vs 13.76%), according to the researchers.

The risk of being diagnosed with a mental disorder was significantly higher among children of mothers with any autoimmune disease (hazard ratio [HR]1.16), with an incidence of 9.38 vs 7.91 per 1000 person-years, the researchers report.

The increased risk persisted when the results were classified by organ system, including connective tissue (HR, 1.11), endocrine (HR, 1.19), gastrointestinal (HR, 1.11), blood (HR, 1.10), nervous (HR, 1.17), and skin (HR, 1.19).

The five autoimmune diseases in mothers that were most commonly associated mental health disorders in children were type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, and psoriasis vulgaris.

The greatest risk for children of mothers with any autoimmune disease was observed for organic conditions such as delirium (HR, 1.54), followed by obsessive-compulsive disorder (HR, 1.42), schizophrenia (HR, 1.54), and mood problems (HR, 1.12).

Children of mothers with any autoimmune disorder also had a significantly increased risk of autism (HR, 1.21), intellectual disability (HR, 1.19), and ADHD (HR, 1.19).

The results add to evidence that activation of the maternal immune system may drive changes in the brain and behavioral problems, which have been observed in animal studies, the researchers write.

Potential underlying genetic mechanisms in need of more exploration include risk factors, maternal transmission of autoantibodies to the fetus during pregnancy, and the increased risk of obstetric complications, such as preterm birth, for women with autoimmune disorders that could affect mental development in children, they add.

The study findings were limited by several factors, including the lack of data on potential exacerbation of autoimmune disease activity during pregnancy and its effect on the fetus, the researchers note. Other limitations included potential detection bias, lack of data on mental disorders in adulthood, and potential changes in diagnostic criteria over the long study period.

The results were strengthened by the use of a population-based registry, the large sample size, and the ability to consider a range of confounders, the researchers say.

“This study could help acquire a comprehensive compilation of the associations between maternal autoimmune disorders diagnosed before childbirth and offspring’s mental disorders from childhood through early adulthood,” Li Medscape Medical News.

For clinicians, Li said, the findings suggest that the offspring of mothers with autoimmune diseases may benefit from long-term surveillance for mental health disorders.

“Further studies should provide more evidence on the detailed associations of specific maternal autoimmune diseases with a full spectrum of mental disorders in offspring, and more research on underlying mechanisms is needed as well,” she said.

Pay Early Attention

M. Susan Jay, MD, an adjunct professor of pediatrics at the Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, said previous efforts to examine the association between maternal autoimmunity were hampered by study design, small samples, and self-report of disease history ― problems the new research avoids.

The large patient population allowed for detailed subgroup analysis of different conditions and outcomes. Another advantage was the availability of sociodemographic and clinical information, which allowed for the elimination of confounding factors, said Jay, who was not involved in the research.

“It would be prudent to follow children of mothers with autoimmune disorders before or during pregnancy for mental health issues, and if identified clinically, to offer psychological and developmental behavioral support options,” Jay added.

The authors have reported no relevant financial relationships.

JAMA Netw Open. April 15, 2022. Full text

Heidi Splete is a freelance medical journalist with 20 years of experience.

For more news, follow Medscape on Facebook, TwitterInstagram, and YouTube.


What to Eat and What to Avoid


While there’s no specific asthma diet to alleviate your symptoms, eating whole, nutrient-rich foods can help you maintain a healthy body weight. Being overweight can worsen asthma symptoms, so it’s taking steps to eat a balanced diet might help you with your condition.

Nutrient-dense foods high in vitamin D and fruits and vegetables are recommended, while fast food and foods that cause gas should be avoided.

This article will discuss the best foods to eat as a part of your overall asthma treatment plan. lt will also discuss foods to limit and avoid.

Verywell / Jessica Olah

What’s the Impact of Diet on Asthma Symptoms?

Eating a healthy, balanced diet with the right foods and nutrients can improve your overall health, including your lung health.

Moreover, research shows that following a Mediterranean diet rich in fish, olive oil, fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and legumes can help reduce asthma symptoms or prevent the condition altogether.

Plant-based diets that emphasize fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains while limiting the intake of dairy and high-fat meats, can also protect against asthma development and improve asthma symptoms.

These foods are rich in compounds and antioxidants that can fight inflammation and oxidation caused by toxins we’re exposed to daily.

Foods to Eat

Although there’s no specific food or asthma diet to improve asthma symptoms, it’s essential to eat a well-balanced diet as a key part of your treatment plan. In general, the best diet for asthma involves more fresh fruits, vegetables and foods high in antioxidants, vitamins, and magnesium.

Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

If you’re looking for a way to improve your diet while living with asthma, incorporating more fresh fruits and vegetables is a great place to start. Not only are they low in calories to promote a healthy weight, but they also contain essential nutrients that can support a healthy lung function.

Fruits and vegetables are packed with antioxidants like beta-carotene and vitamins C and E. Studies have shown diets high in fruits and vegetables, especially apples and oranges developing, can reduce the risk of asthma and reduce wheezing.

Bananas may also decrease the incidence of wheezing in children due to their antioxidant and potassium content, which can improve lung function.

Other important fruits and vegetables to include in your diet include broccoli, berries, leafy greens, melon, and avocado.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A, also known as carotenoids, may improve lung function in adults and children. Thanks to its powerful antioxidant properties, vitamin A can help fight oxidative stress and support a healthy immune system.

Studies show that a high dietary intake of foods rich in vitamin A such as tomatoes, carrots, and leafy vegetables can improve lung function and reduce attacks in adults with asthma.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D supports a healthy immune system and can reduce airway inflammation. Studies also show that vitamin D supplementation reduce the rate of asthma attacks may require treatment with corticosteroids.

In addition to getting adequate sun exposure, foods like salmon and fortified dairy or dairy alternatives are high in vitamin D.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E contains a compound called tocopherol that serves as a powerful antioxidant. It also can decrease symptoms of asthma such as wheezing and coughing.

Good sources of vitamin E include nuts, mustard greens, broccoli, and kale.

Foods Rich in Antioxidants

Antioxidants can protect your cells against damage and support healthy lungs.

Foods Rich in Antioxidants include:

  • Dark chocolate
  • Pecans
  • Blueberries
  • Artichokes
  • Strawberries
  • Goji berries
  • Kale
  • Raspberries
  • Red cabbage
  • Beets
  • Spinach

Foods Rich in Magnesium

In recent years, a growing body of evidence has emerged to support the use of magnesium supplements to reduce inflammation and relax the bronchial muscle to allow air to leave the lungs.

Foods rich in magnesium include:

  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Spinach
  • Cashews
  • Salmon
  • Dark chocolate
  • Low-fat dairy products

Whole Grains

Eating whole grains can reduce the symptoms associated with asthma. One study published in 2018 found that people who ate an overall healthy diet rich in whole grains experienced fewer asthma symptoms and overall greater asthma control.

Good sources of whole grains include:

  • Whole wheat bread, crackers, or pasta
  • Barley
  • Oatmeal
  • brown rice
  • Buckwheat

Additional Foods to Eat

Other important foods to eat include:

  • Eggs
  • Cheese
  • Poultry
  • Seafood
  • Cereals
  • Healthy fats like olive oil, seeds, and fatty fish

Food to Avoid

According to the American Lung Association, there are certain foods and chemicals found in foods that should be avoided because they may worsen symptoms of asthma. It’s important to also keep in mind food allergens and restrictions will vary among individuals.

Foods That Cause Gas

Avoid foods such as beans, carbonated drinks, garlic, onions, and fried foods. These may cause gas or bloating, making it more difficult to breathe. This can result in chest tightness and asthma attacks.


Sulfites are chemicals commonly added to foods and beverages to improve their taste, appearance, or shelf life. Things such as sauerkraut, dried fruit, and pickled foods are very high in sulfites. Beverages like wine, alcohol, and grape juice are also high in sulfites. These products can worsen symptoms and lead to adverse reactions in some people with asthma.


Salicylates are chemicals naturally present in tea, coffee, and some spices. Though it’s very rare, some people with asthma may be sensitive to foods or beverages with salicylates.

Fast Food

In general, fast food should be limited because these foods contain high levels of saturated fat, additives, and sodium. For those with asthma, it can pose greater health risks and worse symptoms.

According to one study published in Respirologythose who ate fast food, especially hamburgers, were more likely to have severe asthma and wheeze than those who consumed fast food less than twice per week.

How to Manage Asthma

If you’re living with asthma, it’s important to maintain a healthy weight and avoid triggers.

According to the American Lung Association, common triggers of asthma attacks include:

  • Respiratory infections
  • Allergens (from pets and food)
  • Smoke exposure
  • Pollen and air pollution
  • Mold
  • Stress
  • Strong fragrances or cleaning products

While it’s nearly impossible to avoid some of these triggers, others may be easier to bypass.

It’s also important to regularly visit your healthcare provider, develop a plan to avoid triggers, and take medications as prescribed.

Some people find it helpful to join a support group to connect with others living with the condition. If you’re interested in joining a support group, the American Lung Association has partnered with Inspire to create the Living With Asthma Support Group.


Although there’s no specific asthma diet, following a healthy diet rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals are important to help manage symptoms.

For some, there are trigger foods that may worsen symptoms and should be avoided. The best way to effectively control your condition is to maintain a healthy weight, eat a healthy diet, and schedule regular visits with your healthcare provider.

A Word From Verywell

Changing your diet can be scary. It’s important to give yourself grace throughout the process and make slow, gradual changes. If you’re living with asthma, know that you’re not alone. There are support groups available where you can exchange tips and helpful advice with others experiencing the same issues you face.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What’s the best food for asthma?

    Foods such as bananas, apples, broccoli, and fatty fish are all nutrient-rich options to help you manage your condition.

  • What foods help you breathe better?

    Foods rich in vitamin A, vitamin D, and vitamin E have been associated with improved lung function which can help you breathe better.

  • Is coffee bad for asthma?

    For most people with asthma, drinking a moderate amount of coffee is fine. However, in rare cases, the salicylates in coffee may trigger symptoms.

Alice Evans deletes her Instagram account days after sharing horrid Covid symptoms


Prior to deleting her Instagram account, Alice Evans – who is going through a messy divorce with Ioan Gruffudd -claimed Covid-19 had caused her to suffer nose bleeds and vomit – even feeling like she was ‘going to die’ at one point

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Alice Evans breaks down over divorce in 2021

Alice Evans has seemingly deactivated her Instagram account, days after opening up about suffering from nasty-sounding Covid-19 symptoms.

The estranged wife of actor Ioan Gruffudd told her 58,000 followers last week how she and her two daughters had tested for the viral disease and were experiencing “nose bleeds and continuous vomiting”.

Alice – who shares Ella, 12, and Elsie, eight with her ex – explained how she spent days in bed with symptoms – going on to add that at one point things increasing and “suddenly I felt like I was going to die”.

The 102 Dalmatians actress, 53, has previously deactivated – and reactivated – Twitter, following her acrimonious split from Fantastic Four actor Ioan.

Alice Evans is currently going through a messy divorce with Ioan Gruffudd



Alice’s Twitter account is current live – and restricted to followers only – with the most recent update shared in January this year.

“Guys – I have to go silent for a while. I’m in a very scary legal situation,” he told her followers a month before her former partner filed for a temporary restraining order r.

“I love you all so much. I promise I will be back.”

Ioan filed for divorce from Alice last year following the fallout of their dramatic split – going on to apply for the temporary restraining order in February 2022.

Alice during an emotional appearance on Lorraine



The former couple met during the filming of 102 Dalmatians and were married for 13 years after they tied the knot in 2007.

Ioan has since moved on from Alice with another co-star, Bianca Wallace, 29.

The couple – who went public with the romance last year – have recently been enjoying cosy trip around the United Kingdom together.

The actress even revealed she had been “practicing her Welsh” earlier this year, as the love birds paid a visit to Ioan’s home country of Wales.

Alice has previously used social media to share her experiences with heartbreak



Her estranged husband with his new partner in London earlier this month


David M. Benett/Dave Benett/Getty Images)

Bianca lives with Multiple Sclerosis and recently opened up about how a supportive partner helps – giving a rare insight into her relationship with Ioan.

The Austrialian star, who was told that she suffered from the condition which affects the brain and nerves three years ago, said she felt “very lucky” to be with someone as supportive as Ioan, the Daily Mail reports.

The actress has been using her new-found platform to raise awareness and share her experiences with others with the condition.

The happy couple used this image to go public with their romance



“Look it’s not an easy illness. I’m more proud of the partners, I feel more sorry to the partners of people with MS because for us you have to face it, you genuinely don’t know what it’s going to be like, ” she said during the SMS Battles Quiz for The MS Society on Thursday.

Bianca also revealed she received an outpouring of support after sharing her diagnosis on social media and said she previously “lived in fear” of what others would think of her if they found out she had MS.

Both Alice and Ioan’s representatives have previously been contacted for comment.

Do you have a story to sell? Get in touch with us at webcelebs@mirror.co.uk or call us direct at 0207 29 33033

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Common causes of constipation – Harvard Health


Many factors can dispose of a person to constipation. Some can easily be prevented by changing habits and lifestyle (although the role of lifestyle factors may not be as important as once thought). Often, the cause has to do with physiological problems or diseases.

Following are the more common causes of constipation:

Lack of exercise. People who exercise regularly generally don’t develop constipation. Basically, the colon responds to activity. Good muscle tone in general is important for regular bowel movements. The abdominal wall muscles and the diaphragm all play a crucial role in the process of defecation. If these muscles are weak, they’re not going to be able to do the job as well. But exercise is not a cure-all. Increasing exer-cise to improve constipation may be more effective in older people, who tend to be more sedentary, than in younger people.

Opioids. The digestive tract has receptors for opioids, and constipation can occur (or worsen) when people take opioid pain medications. Opioid-induced constipation occurs in roughly 94% of cancer patients taking opioids for pain and 41% of people taking opioids for chronic noncancer pain.

Other medications. Constipation is a side effect of many prescription and over-the-counter drugs. These include antacids that contain aluminum, antispasmodics, antidepressants, tranquilizers and sedatives, bismuth salts, iron supplements, diuretics, anticholinergics, calcium-channel blockers, and anticonvulsants.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Some people who suffer from IBS have sluggish bowel movements, straining during bowel movements, and abdominal discomfort. Constipation may be the predominant symptom, or it may alternate with diarrhea. Cramping, gas, and bloating are also common.

Abuse of laxatives. Laxatives are sometimes used inappropriately, for example, by people suffering from anorexia nervosa or bulimia. But for people with long-term constipation, the extended use of laxatives may be a reasonable solution. In the past, long-term use of some laxatives was thought to damage nerve cells in the colon and interfere with the colon’s innate ability to contract. However, newer formulations of laxatives have made this outcome rare

Changes in life or routine. Traveling can give some people problems because it disrupts normal diet and daily routines. Aging often affects regularity by reducing intestinal activity and muscle tone. Pregnancy may cause women to become constipated because of hormonal changes or because the enlarged uterus pushes on the intestine.

Ignoring the urge. If you have to go, go. If you hold in a bowel movement, for whatever reason, you may be inviting a bout of constipation. People who repeatedly ignore the urge to move their bowels may eventually stop feeling the urge.

Not enough fiber and fluids in the diet. A diet too low in fiber and fluids and too high in fats can con-tribute to catch. Fiber absorbs water and stools causes to be larger, softer, and easier to pass. Increasing fiber intake helps cure constipation in many people, but those with more severe constipation sometimes find that increasing fiber makes their constipation worse and leads to gassiness and discomfort.

Other causes. Diseases that can cause constipa-tion include neurological disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injury, stroke, or multiple sclerosis; metabolic and endocrine disorders, such as hypothyroidism, diabetes, or chronic kidney disease; bowel cancer; and diverticulitis. A number of systemic conditions, like scleroderma, can also cause constipation. In addition, intestinal obstructions, caused by scar tissue (adhesions) from past surgery or restrictions of the colon or rectum, can compress, squeeze, or narrow the intestine and rectum, causing constipation.

For more on treating constipation and other gastrointestinal conditions, read The Sensitive Gut, a Special Health Report from Harvard Medical School.

Image: © Wavebreakmedia | GettyImages


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