Allergic Rhinitis, Atopic Dermatitis, And Asthma, The Most Frequent Conditions In Children


It is necessary to identify the causes that aggravate the symptoms in order to avoid complications.

Dr. Damaris Torres Paoli, former President of the Dermatological Society of Puerto Rico. Photo: Journal of Medicine and Public Health. Fabiola Plaza.

Dr. Damaris Torres, Former President of the Dermatological Society of Puerto RicoSpoke with the Journal of Medicine and Public Health during the Expo Salud event, a meeting attended by various experts with vast experience in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, and the importance of treatment atopic dermatitisAs an autoimmune disease that occurs more often in children and has no cure.

In this regard, he explained what is known as an atopy or atopic triad, a set of common allergies in patients with dermatitis. “The atopic dermatitis It can be hereditary and is seen in patients who have the atopy triad. many patients have allergic rhinitis, Asma You atopic dermatitiswhich are considered atopy because they overreact to allergens, odors and substances in the environment,” he said.

Similarly, he emphasized that although there is no cure for the condition, the manifestations can be controlled by following treatment and applying the necessary care. “In some children who have these allergies when they reach puberty, their symptoms are controlled and they are not as severe, however, it is necessary to recognize what may be exacerbating these symptoms and to see a dermatologist. is,” he added.

There are also people who suffer from contact dermatitis and are more susceptible to exposure to a variety of materials, such as nickel, rubber, and metals.

Dr Torres said that stress can also be a factor that exacerbates the symptoms of dermatitis, however, it is important to get a proper diagnosis to identify it. “You have to go to a primary care doctor or a dermatologist to make a correct diagnosis and use the appropriate medications, for example: that they’re going to put a high-potency steroid on the face, which does a lot of damage. ”

Regarding high season or summer time, he said that patients with skin conditions can be affected by sun exposure, therefore, they should keep their skin moisturized, at least 20 times before exposing themselves to the sun. Sunscreen should be applied minutes before and the hours between 10am should be avoided. Morning and 4 o’clock in the evening, as these are the times in which the intensity of ultraviolet rays is high and as a result has an effect on the skin.

atopic dermatitis It affects approximately 300,000 Puerto Ricans who are exposed to various environmental antigens, such as vegetation, industry, and cars. The main symptoms that may occur are: dry, itchy skin (usually at night), spots on the hands, feet, ankles, neck or wrists, small bumps that can form scaly, scaly, or inflamed skin from scratching.

According to the Mayo Clinic Portal, patient episodes or exacerbations can prevent: atopic dermatitisImplementing the following actions:

Moisturize the skin at least twice a day.

Identify and avoid triggers that make the condition worse, such as sweating, stress, obesity, soap, detergent, dust and pollen.

Avoid foods that can be generators of these manifestations.

Use mild soap.

The American Academy of Dermatology recommends considering bleach baths to help prevent flare-ups; However, it is important to consult a dermatologist.

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