How do infertility treatments work and how effective they are?

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One of the major problems faced by the current generation is infertility. Our generation’s unhealthy lifestyle is the main contributor to this issue. Both partners’ emotional well-being is impacted by infertility, which often causes stress for other family members. Numerous infertility therapies are being developed because of technological innovation, and they are becoming better with time. The majority of couples who use these infertility treatments succeed in getting pregnant. Read on to learn more about how these infertility treatments function and how effective they are:

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

It is a reproductive procedure in which sperm is injected into the uterus of a woman to aid in fertilization. According to the top IVF experts in Mumbai, IUI is less expensive and invasive than IVF. When sperm count or sperm motility are low, IUI is chosen as a reproductive treatment. IUI is carried out close to ovulation. A catheter is used to transfer sperm straight into the uterus. In order to increase the likelihood of pregnancy, IUI increases the quantity of sperm cells in the. Numerous factors affect the outcome of the IUI procedure. Depending on the age of the female, the cause, and other factors, the success rate of IUI performed by the couple each month may reach 20%.

In-vitro fertilization (IVF)

Assisted reproductive technology includes IVF (ART). In this procedure, sperm samples are taken from the male, and female eggs and sperm are manually mixed in a lab dish. Finally, the embryo is placed inside the uterus. The success of IVF is influenced by the mother’s age, the cause of the infertility, her reproductive history, and her lifestyle. Women under the age of 35 have a success rate of 41%, women between the ages of 35 and 37 have a success rate of 32%, and women between the ages of 38 and 40 have a success rate of 23%. In IVF, live birth rates do not equate to pregnancy rates. Couples with unexplained infertility, men with poor sperm quality, or women with severely damaged ovaries are advised to undergo IVF treatment, according to the Test Tube Baby Center.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

In this process, sperm is directly injected into IVF-produced eggs. First, a specialized pipette is used to hold the mature egg. The solitary sperm is then immobilized and picked up using a thin, hollow, sharp needle. The egg is then pierced through the shell and into the cytoplasm using a needle. After injecting the sperm into the cytoplasm, the needle is gently removed. The eggs are checked the following day for signs of fertilization. The embryo is placed in the woman’s uterus if fertilization is successful. ICSI is typically performed on couples who are having trouble getting pregnant.

What determines whether an IVF is successful or failed

The following variables determine whether an IVF cycle will be successful or unsuccessful:

Age: The biggest factor influencing the success of an IVF cycle is age. The best chances of an IVF therapy are for women between the ages of 24 and 34. After 40 years, the success rate gradually declines. Even if IVF is less successful as you get older, you should still investigate your alternatives because the procedure depends on your health and medical history.

Pregnancy in the past: If a couple has a history of multiple miscarriages, IVF success becomes more challenging.

Fertility problems: The effectiveness of the IVF cycle can also be impacted by female fertility problems including uterine abnormalities, fibroid tumors, ovarian malfunction, and blocked fallopian tubes. IVF, however, can solve a number of infertility problems.

Lifestyle: Your chances of getting pregnant are lower if you or your spouse smoke a lot. You should stop smoking if you plan to get pregnant. The probability of a successful IVF can also be lowered by being overweight or underweight. Therefore, it’s crucial to lead a healthy lifestyle to prevent them from harming the success of your IVF.

The quality of egg and embryo: The success of an IVF cycle depends on the quality of the egg and embryo, which depends on factors including age, ovarian reserve, and sperm quality.

Controlled Ovarian Stimulation (COS) protocol: It explains the many types of fertility drugs, how to take them, and when to use them. The major objective is to produce lots of mature oocytes so that at least one of them will be able to ovulate. The COS protocol is also used in IVF. To choose the best regimen for your situation, your doctor will closely consult with you.

Uterine receptivity: Just as crucial as embryo quality is uterine receptivity. In order to have a good pregnancy, it is essential. The uterine receptivity is influenced by factors including uterine cavity shape and uterus lining thickness.



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Views expressed above are the author’s own.



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