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What to Eat and What to Avoid


While there’s no specific asthma diet to alleviate your symptoms, eating whole, nutrient-rich foods can help you maintain a healthy body weight. Being overweight can worsen asthma symptoms, so it’s taking steps to eat a balanced diet might help you with your condition.

Nutrient-dense foods high in vitamin D and fruits and vegetables are recommended, while fast food and foods that cause gas should be avoided.

This article will discuss the best foods to eat as a part of your overall asthma treatment plan. lt will also discuss foods to limit and avoid.

Verywell / Jessica Olah

What’s the Impact of Diet on Asthma Symptoms?

Eating a healthy, balanced diet with the right foods and nutrients can improve your overall health, including your lung health.

Moreover, research shows that following a Mediterranean diet rich in fish, olive oil, fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and legumes can help reduce asthma symptoms or prevent the condition altogether.

Plant-based diets that emphasize fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains while limiting the intake of dairy and high-fat meats, can also protect against asthma development and improve asthma symptoms.

These foods are rich in compounds and antioxidants that can fight inflammation and oxidation caused by toxins we’re exposed to daily.

Foods to Eat

Although there’s no specific food or asthma diet to improve asthma symptoms, it’s essential to eat a well-balanced diet as a key part of your treatment plan. In general, the best diet for asthma involves more fresh fruits, vegetables and foods high in antioxidants, vitamins, and magnesium.

Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

If you’re looking for a way to improve your diet while living with asthma, incorporating more fresh fruits and vegetables is a great place to start. Not only are they low in calories to promote a healthy weight, but they also contain essential nutrients that can support a healthy lung function.

Fruits and vegetables are packed with antioxidants like beta-carotene and vitamins C and E. Studies have shown diets high in fruits and vegetables, especially apples and oranges developing, can reduce the risk of asthma and reduce wheezing.

Bananas may also decrease the incidence of wheezing in children due to their antioxidant and potassium content, which can improve lung function.

Other important fruits and vegetables to include in your diet include broccoli, berries, leafy greens, melon, and avocado.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A, also known as carotenoids, may improve lung function in adults and children. Thanks to its powerful antioxidant properties, vitamin A can help fight oxidative stress and support a healthy immune system.

Studies show that a high dietary intake of foods rich in vitamin A such as tomatoes, carrots, and leafy vegetables can improve lung function and reduce attacks in adults with asthma.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D supports a healthy immune system and can reduce airway inflammation. Studies also show that vitamin D supplementation reduce the rate of asthma attacks may require treatment with corticosteroids.

In addition to getting adequate sun exposure, foods like salmon and fortified dairy or dairy alternatives are high in vitamin D.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E contains a compound called tocopherol that serves as a powerful antioxidant. It also can decrease symptoms of asthma such as wheezing and coughing.

Good sources of vitamin E include nuts, mustard greens, broccoli, and kale.

Foods Rich in Antioxidants

Antioxidants can protect your cells against damage and support healthy lungs.

Foods Rich in Antioxidants include:

  • Dark chocolate
  • Pecans
  • Blueberries
  • Artichokes
  • Strawberries
  • Goji berries
  • Kale
  • Raspberries
  • Red cabbage
  • Beets
  • Spinach

Foods Rich in Magnesium

In recent years, a growing body of evidence has emerged to support the use of magnesium supplements to reduce inflammation and relax the bronchial muscle to allow air to leave the lungs.

Foods rich in magnesium include:

  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Spinach
  • Cashews
  • Salmon
  • Dark chocolate
  • Low-fat dairy products

Whole Grains

Eating whole grains can reduce the symptoms associated with asthma. One study published in 2018 found that people who ate an overall healthy diet rich in whole grains experienced fewer asthma symptoms and overall greater asthma control.

Good sources of whole grains include:

  • Whole wheat bread, crackers, or pasta
  • Barley
  • Oatmeal
  • brown rice
  • Buckwheat

Additional Foods to Eat

Other important foods to eat include:

  • Eggs
  • Cheese
  • Poultry
  • Seafood
  • Cereals
  • Healthy fats like olive oil, seeds, and fatty fish

Food to Avoid

According to the American Lung Association, there are certain foods and chemicals found in foods that should be avoided because they may worsen symptoms of asthma. It’s important to also keep in mind food allergens and restrictions will vary among individuals.

Foods That Cause Gas

Avoid foods such as beans, carbonated drinks, garlic, onions, and fried foods. These may cause gas or bloating, making it more difficult to breathe. This can result in chest tightness and asthma attacks.


Sulfites are chemicals commonly added to foods and beverages to improve their taste, appearance, or shelf life. Things such as sauerkraut, dried fruit, and pickled foods are very high in sulfites. Beverages like wine, alcohol, and grape juice are also high in sulfites. These products can worsen symptoms and lead to adverse reactions in some people with asthma.


Salicylates are chemicals naturally present in tea, coffee, and some spices. Though it’s very rare, some people with asthma may be sensitive to foods or beverages with salicylates.

Fast Food

In general, fast food should be limited because these foods contain high levels of saturated fat, additives, and sodium. For those with asthma, it can pose greater health risks and worse symptoms.

According to one study published in Respirologythose who ate fast food, especially hamburgers, were more likely to have severe asthma and wheeze than those who consumed fast food less than twice per week.

How to Manage Asthma

If you’re living with asthma, it’s important to maintain a healthy weight and avoid triggers.

According to the American Lung Association, common triggers of asthma attacks include:

  • Respiratory infections
  • Allergens (from pets and food)
  • Smoke exposure
  • Pollen and air pollution
  • Mold
  • Stress
  • Strong fragrances or cleaning products

While it’s nearly impossible to avoid some of these triggers, others may be easier to bypass.

It’s also important to regularly visit your healthcare provider, develop a plan to avoid triggers, and take medications as prescribed.

Some people find it helpful to join a support group to connect with others living with the condition. If you’re interested in joining a support group, the American Lung Association has partnered with Inspire to create the Living With Asthma Support Group.


Although there’s no specific asthma diet, following a healthy diet rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals are important to help manage symptoms.

For some, there are trigger foods that may worsen symptoms and should be avoided. The best way to effectively control your condition is to maintain a healthy weight, eat a healthy diet, and schedule regular visits with your healthcare provider.

A Word From Verywell

Changing your diet can be scary. It’s important to give yourself grace throughout the process and make slow, gradual changes. If you’re living with asthma, know that you’re not alone. There are support groups available where you can exchange tips and helpful advice with others experiencing the same issues you face.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What’s the best food for asthma?

    Foods such as bananas, apples, broccoli, and fatty fish are all nutrient-rich options to help you manage your condition.

  • What foods help you breathe better?

    Foods rich in vitamin A, vitamin D, and vitamin E have been associated with improved lung function which can help you breathe better.

  • Is coffee bad for asthma?

    For most people with asthma, drinking a moderate amount of coffee is fine. However, in rare cases, the salicylates in coffee may trigger symptoms.

Alice Evans deletes her Instagram account days after sharing horrid Covid symptoms


Prior to deleting her Instagram account, Alice Evans – who is going through a messy divorce with Ioan Gruffudd -claimed Covid-19 had caused her to suffer nose bleeds and vomit – even feeling like she was ‘going to die’ at one point

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Alice Evans breaks down over divorce in 2021

Alice Evans has seemingly deactivated her Instagram account, days after opening up about suffering from nasty-sounding Covid-19 symptoms.

The estranged wife of actor Ioan Gruffudd told her 58,000 followers last week how she and her two daughters had tested for the viral disease and were experiencing “nose bleeds and continuous vomiting”.

Alice – who shares Ella, 12, and Elsie, eight with her ex – explained how she spent days in bed with symptoms – going on to add that at one point things increasing and “suddenly I felt like I was going to die”.

The 102 Dalmatians actress, 53, has previously deactivated – and reactivated – Twitter, following her acrimonious split from Fantastic Four actor Ioan.

Alice Evans is currently going through a messy divorce with Ioan Gruffudd



Alice’s Twitter account is current live – and restricted to followers only – with the most recent update shared in January this year.

“Guys – I have to go silent for a while. I’m in a very scary legal situation,” he told her followers a month before her former partner filed for a temporary restraining order r.

“I love you all so much. I promise I will be back.”

Ioan filed for divorce from Alice last year following the fallout of their dramatic split – going on to apply for the temporary restraining order in February 2022.

Alice during an emotional appearance on Lorraine



The former couple met during the filming of 102 Dalmatians and were married for 13 years after they tied the knot in 2007.

Ioan has since moved on from Alice with another co-star, Bianca Wallace, 29.

The couple – who went public with the romance last year – have recently been enjoying cosy trip around the United Kingdom together.

The actress even revealed she had been “practicing her Welsh” earlier this year, as the love birds paid a visit to Ioan’s home country of Wales.

Alice has previously used social media to share her experiences with heartbreak



Her estranged husband with his new partner in London earlier this month


David M. Benett/Dave Benett/Getty Images)

Bianca lives with Multiple Sclerosis and recently opened up about how a supportive partner helps – giving a rare insight into her relationship with Ioan.

The Austrialian star, who was told that she suffered from the condition which affects the brain and nerves three years ago, said she felt “very lucky” to be with someone as supportive as Ioan, the Daily Mail reports.

The actress has been using her new-found platform to raise awareness and share her experiences with others with the condition.

The happy couple used this image to go public with their romance



“Look it’s not an easy illness. I’m more proud of the partners, I feel more sorry to the partners of people with MS because for us you have to face it, you genuinely don’t know what it’s going to be like, ” she said during the SMS Battles Quiz for The MS Society on Thursday.

Bianca also revealed she received an outpouring of support after sharing her diagnosis on social media and said she previously “lived in fear” of what others would think of her if they found out she had MS.

Both Alice and Ioan’s representatives have previously been contacted for comment.

Do you have a story to sell? Get in touch with us at [email protected] or call us direct at 0207 29 33033

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Common causes of constipation – Harvard Health


Many factors can dispose of a person to constipation. Some can easily be prevented by changing habits and lifestyle (although the role of lifestyle factors may not be as important as once thought). Often, the cause has to do with physiological problems or diseases.

Following are the more common causes of constipation:

Lack of exercise. People who exercise regularly generally don’t develop constipation. Basically, the colon responds to activity. Good muscle tone in general is important for regular bowel movements. The abdominal wall muscles and the diaphragm all play a crucial role in the process of defecation. If these muscles are weak, they’re not going to be able to do the job as well. But exercise is not a cure-all. Increasing exer-cise to improve constipation may be more effective in older people, who tend to be more sedentary, than in younger people.

Opioids. The digestive tract has receptors for opioids, and constipation can occur (or worsen) when people take opioid pain medications. Opioid-induced constipation occurs in roughly 94% of cancer patients taking opioids for pain and 41% of people taking opioids for chronic noncancer pain.

Other medications. Constipation is a side effect of many prescription and over-the-counter drugs. These include antacids that contain aluminum, antispasmodics, antidepressants, tranquilizers and sedatives, bismuth salts, iron supplements, diuretics, anticholinergics, calcium-channel blockers, and anticonvulsants.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Some people who suffer from IBS have sluggish bowel movements, straining during bowel movements, and abdominal discomfort. Constipation may be the predominant symptom, or it may alternate with diarrhea. Cramping, gas, and bloating are also common.

Abuse of laxatives. Laxatives are sometimes used inappropriately, for example, by people suffering from anorexia nervosa or bulimia. But for people with long-term constipation, the extended use of laxatives may be a reasonable solution. In the past, long-term use of some laxatives was thought to damage nerve cells in the colon and interfere with the colon’s innate ability to contract. However, newer formulations of laxatives have made this outcome rare

Changes in life or routine. Traveling can give some people problems because it disrupts normal diet and daily routines. Aging often affects regularity by reducing intestinal activity and muscle tone. Pregnancy may cause women to become constipated because of hormonal changes or because the enlarged uterus pushes on the intestine.

Ignoring the urge. If you have to go, go. If you hold in a bowel movement, for whatever reason, you may be inviting a bout of constipation. People who repeatedly ignore the urge to move their bowels may eventually stop feeling the urge.

Not enough fiber and fluids in the diet. A diet too low in fiber and fluids and too high in fats can con-tribute to catch. Fiber absorbs water and stools causes to be larger, softer, and easier to pass. Increasing fiber intake helps cure constipation in many people, but those with more severe constipation sometimes find that increasing fiber makes their constipation worse and leads to gassiness and discomfort.

Other causes. Diseases that can cause constipa-tion include neurological disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injury, stroke, or multiple sclerosis; metabolic and endocrine disorders, such as hypothyroidism, diabetes, or chronic kidney disease; bowel cancer; and diverticulitis. A number of systemic conditions, like scleroderma, can also cause constipation. In addition, intestinal obstructions, caused by scar tissue (adhesions) from past surgery or restrictions of the colon or rectum, can compress, squeeze, or narrow the intestine and rectum, causing constipation.

For more on treating constipation and other gastrointestinal conditions, read The Sensitive Gut, a Special Health Report from Harvard Medical School.

Image: © Wavebreakmedia | GettyImages


A Ship Carrying $400 Million Worth of Luxury Cars Is on Fire in the Middle of the Atlantic. Who Foots the Bill? : Risk & Insurance


A ship fire that destroyed luxury vehicles raises the question: whose insurance will cover these losses?

A ship carrying millions of dollars worth of luxury cars caught fire and was stranded in the middle of the ocean.

The fire, which started on February 16burned for days before salvage crews were able to board and tow the ship to safety, the Wall Street Journal reported. All of the 22 crew members aboard the ship were rescued and are uninjured.

The luxury vehicles were on their way from a Volkswagen factory in Germany to Davisville, Rhode Island, The Guardian reported.

From there, they would have likely made their way to the homes of their owners, many of whom ordered the vehicles months ago. Brands that are part of the Volkswagen group and were aboard the ship include Porsche, Audi, Bentley and Lamborghini.

Now, owners of the vehicles on board the ship may be wondering will they have to pay for this loss? Or will Volkswagon foot the bill?

Personal or Commercial Insurance: Who’s on the Hook for the Felicity Ace Fire?

Owners of the cars can breathe a sigh of relief. Customers don’t technically own the cars until delivery so their personal auto insurance won’t be engaged.

Instead, the commercial insurance policies held by the automakers and cargo companies will have to pony up for the well-over $4 million in losses. An estimated $438 million of goods were on the ship, according to an estimate from insurance experts at Russell Group.

Of those, $401 million were cars, none of which are likely to be salvageable. Now that ship has been abandoned, the fire will likely jump from vehicle to vehicle, potentially gutting each car. The cause of the fire is yet to be confirmed, but the lithium-ion batteries inside the cars are likely contributing to the continued blaze.

Though insurance policies may step in to cover lost cargo, they can’t magically generate new vehicles to replace the ones lost to the sea. Owners of the vehicles can benefit from looking back at past instances of cargo ships sinking with cars on board to understand how Volkswagen will handle the situation.

Since 2002, at least eight major incidents involving vehicle carrier ships have occurred, Autoweek reported. One of these incidents, the capsizing of the ship the Golden Ray in 2019, shows precedent for Volkswagen’s potential response.

When a number of Porches went down in the Golden Ray capsizing, the company reproduced the cars in the order as they had been intended. The company plans to take a similar move for the cars lost in the Felicity Ace fire.

“We are already working to replace every car affected by this incident,” Porsche spokesperson Marcus Kabel told Bloomberg. “The cars will be as close as possible to their original, ordered specification.”

Bentley also confirmed to Bloomberg that they intend to replace all 189 of its vehicles that were on board.

A Supply Chain Nightmare

Manufacturers may be willing to remake all of the lost vehicles, but some owners may not want to wait another several months for their cars.

Auto manufacturers across the globe have struggled with sourcing semiconductors, an issue that has resulted in months-long delays in new cars.

“These figures showed once again the precariousness of global supply chains. The incident comes at a bad time for global carmakers [that] are in the middle of a supply chain crisis sourcing semiconductors, resulting in new delays for new cars. An event like this will not do a great deal in instilling trust with consumers,” Suki Basi of the Russell Group said in a press release.

“Using our ALPS Scenario Factory, we identified that the Volkswagen brand and its subsidiaries do indeed have a significant exposure to this event, running into the millions.”

This isn’t the first time cargo ship mishaps have caused supply chain issues in recent memory. Last March, the cargo freighter the Ever Given lodged itself in the Suez Canal creating supply chain chaos for weeks after the ship was dislodged. &

Courtney DuChene is an associate editor at Risk & Insurance. She can be reached at [email protected]

GR0 Wins 2021 Search Engine Land Award for Best B2B Search Marketing Initiative


The LA-based marketing agency focuses mainly on SEO, but has recently built out a smaller SEM branch that is quickly gaining traction. The growing team works with DTC and B2B brands, helping them attract high-quality leads due to qualifying users which results they want to see via their keyword search. This strategy is completely passive – also considered “pull” marketing – achieving exciting results for brands, and especially B2B advertisers.

“Our clients’ success is how we measure our success in the PPC department at GR0 – we are extremely honored for our young department to be recognized for helping scale B2B leads for our client on PPC,” said GR0’s Co-Head of Google Ads Tyler Rhodes.

Rhodes’ Co-Head and partner Michael Uribe Also stated: “We are incredibly honored to be receiving this award, and delighted to know that receiving it means that we did a great job for our client. By combining the power of Google Ads as a high-intent lead generation tool with a well -oiled sales system built out by our client, we were able to create a funnel for the business that enabled them to receive millions of dollars in funding after only 6 months of advertising.”

The “Best B2B Search Marketing Initiative – SEM” category recognizes the most successful campaign by internal teams, agencies or consultants running paid search campaigns across one or more search-based advertising platforms, demonstrating continuous improvement and a positive return on investment. Entrants must Demonstrate success in paid search advertising efforts to improve visibility within paid results to drive sales, generate leads and/or convert new customers on major search platforms. To that end, GR0’s innovative approach achieved a 20x ROAS within the first two months of launching the CRS Credit API campaign, and has since climbed to over 130x lifetime ROAS within a year.

Campaign Background

In October 2020, GR0’s SEM team was tasked with one of their first campaigns as a new minted department and was asked to help a disruptive B2B services company achieve scale on Google Ads. Credit Reporting Services (CRS Credit API) identified an opportunity to disrupt a stale B2B services industry – credit reporting for landlords, financial services companies, lending institutions, or virtually any business that is required to run an individuals’ credit report from the 3 major credit reporting bureaus.

The Challenge

This created a unique challenge for GR0’s SEM team due to the extremely limited search volume that exists around credit reporting software keywords – although there is significant traffic flowing from consumer-credit queries, searches from CRS’s target customer (a large business that runs credit reports) are much less frequent.

In order to achieve scale on Google Ads, GR0 built granular, 3-5 keyword ad groups and prioritized exact match, applying aggressive negative keyword expansions on a near-daily basis to quell any irrelevant traffic spikes.

The Results

After just two months of optimizing their SEM, GR0 managed to increase SEM lead volume from 10 leads per month to 75 leads per month at a consistent close rate. As lead quality remained strong, CRS increased their budget – achieving scale at over 100 leads per month throughout 2021. In addition to pulling high-intent leads from extremely precarious search landscapes, the CRS B2B campaign was the highest ROAS B2B campaign that GR0 has ever executed with accurate conversion tracking in place. Due to the nature of credit reporting services, the campaign achieved a 20x ROAS within the first 2 months of launch, and have since climbed to over 130x lifetime ROAS at present.

Rhodes shared his final thoughts on the campaign: “What truly motivates and inspires us is knowing that the work that led to this award resulted in our B2B client raising a multimillion dollar funding round, citing our lead generation on Google Ads as a key contributing growth factor.”

The leading LA-based agency helps brands rank #1 on Google by leveraging search engine optimization and search engine marketing. For more information about GR0 and to read reviews related to client and employee feedback, please visit Comparably, Glassdoor, Clutch or Crunchbase.

For the complete list of 2021 winners, please visit Search Engine Land.

About GR0
GR0 is a digital marketing agency focused exclusively on igniting organic growth for direct-to-consumer startups and helping brands rank #1 on Google. GR0 empowers clients to build powerful online brands that deliver incredible value and joy to consumers.

GR0 was co-founded by SEO & marketing experts and long-time best friends Jonathan Zachariasand Kevin Miller who both have a wealth of online marketing and advertising experience with top D2C and B2B brands.

For business or media inquiries, please contact us at [email protected]

About Search Engine Land
Search Engine Land and its sister publication, MarTech, cover all aspects of digital marketing, advertising technology and the martech landscape. Daily news coverage includes breaking stories, industry trends, feature announcements and product changes at popular platforms used by search marketers to reach consumers online.

The sites were founded by search industry veterans Danny Sullivan and Chris Sherman and are published by Third Door Media. Chris Elwell is a founding partner and CEO of Third Door Media, the parent company that produces Digital Marketing Depot as well as the Search Marketing Expo and MarTech conference series.

Contact: [email protected]



Why is performance marketing the next marketing frontier?

We hear the term “digital marketing” thrown about a lot. In actuality, there are numerous sorts of digital marketing techniques, and each type’s outlets and capacities are expanding on a daily basis. Performance marketing is an often-overlooked digital marketing concept.

Advertisers only pay for specific actions when using performance marketing, for example – when a visitor clicks through to their page or makes a purchase. Let us go through how performance marketing works, why you should use it, and which channels provide the best value for your money.

In the digital-driven era, brands may use performance marketing to test frequently, learn rapidly, and adjust successfully. This is a unique and powerful method for establishing a loyal user base in the firm. New marketing technologies offer the potential to reshape the entire industry. The term “performance marketing” originally surfaced around a decade ago and has shown to be far more than a passing trend. Therefore, we see it as the next frontier of marketing.

Performance marketing: An understanding of accomplishment

Performance marketing is assuredly what it sounds like. Rather than merely paying the marketing agency when a specific product is sold, the retailer pays when the affiliate achieves the desired result, such as a completed lead, sale, booking, download or we can say is the campaign’s goal. It provides marketers with all of the resources they need to elevate and modernize their brand marketing. In a nutshell, performance marketing is affiliate marketing on a larger scale, with new technology and partnerships incorporated into the performance marketing mix. On the other hand, performance marketing strives to increase the company’s overall performance.

Benefits of marketing

The future of digital marketing is bright; leveraging performance marketing channels can assist the firm in scaling advertising efforts to suit the company’s needs without breaking the bank. Marketing is an innovative and effective way to grow your audience and increase your reach by collecting essential data. When the business fully utilizes the capabilities of performance marketing to sponsor the market, it will become easier than ever to build the firm at full efficiency.

Performance-based marketing work areas

As the market becomes more competitive, it’s essential to focus your marketing dollars on platforms that deliver measurable results. Choose services that allow you to track marketing performance and generate data that will help you make better business and marketing decisions. The path to success is to engage in performance marketing. As a result, it’s a good idea to become acquainted with the following roles:

Marketers: These are merchants and retailers who want to market their products or services via affiliates and media. This method benefits the retail and eCommerce industries the most, particularly those supplying beauty and fashion products, food and beverages, and other consumer goods.

Affiliate marketing preceded what is today known as performance marketing. They advertised products on their own or company websites in order to meet certain objectives. Affiliates are competing for the title of “publisher” and marketing alongside influencers, content creators, and other marketing partners.

Affiliate marketers are third-party firms or platforms that connect brands with newspapers, track key performance indicators (KPIs), and process payments.

Outsourced Business: Any full-service digital marketing agency or performance marketing firm that delivers performance marketing services falls under this category. Managers are in charge of strategy, campaign execution, regulatory compliance, and publisher outreach.

Why performance marketing is here to stay

Performance marketing is no longer a marketing buzzword; Rather, it has been shown to be a sustainable and replicable path toward success. It is no longer a subset of a broader industry but rather bridges the gap between sale, booking, and download. With a scientific approach, the rise of this advanced style of marketing promotes repeat customers by focusing on retention, allowing organizations to boost their size and revenue. The predictable and holistic nature of performance marketing makes it effortless to execute, and in an industry where marketing fads come and go as quickly as they emerge, businesses performance marketing is the next frontier of the marketing business.

(Amitek Sinha is the COO at ET Medialabs , a digital marketing & analytics company. Views are personal.)

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Published on: Saturday, May 21, 2022, 03:16 PM IST


Daugher Lovina’s 18th birthday and hosting church


Today — May 18 — is daughter Lovina’s 18th birthday. Lovina was born soon after we moved to Michigan. It’s hard to believe it’s been 18 years. She has grown into a lovely young lady with a great sense of humor. Her special friend Daniel is an important part of her life and she has enjoyed his friendship for almost two years. He is a kind, loving young man.

Our family plans to come home tonight in honor of Lovina’s birthday. Lovina is baking a chocolate cake with chocolate frosting (her favorite). She also requested that she would like “rare beef” on the menu (also her favorite), so now I need to make something that goes well with that.

I plan to make the rare beef outside on the porch, on the side burner of my new gas grill. My husband Joe bought me a gas grill for Mother’s Day. I love to cook outside on the porch on hot summer nights. I love it! Last night we cooked asparagus in butter on the grill.

Sunday church services were hosted here. We set a total of eight tables for everyone to eat. Our menu was homemade wheat and white bread, egg salad, cheese, peanut butter spread, pickles, red beets, hot peppers, butter, rhubarb and grape jam, coffee, tea, chocolate crinkles and chocolate chip and sugar cookies.

While the women washed dishes, popcorn was passed out to everyone. All the bread, cookies and popcorn are made by the ladies in our church. We take turns furnishing it for each other’s church services.

The eggs for the egg salad were donated to us from daughter Elizabeth and Tim, daughter Susan and daughter Loretta and Dustin.

On Saturday we cooked 20 dozen eggs, then peeled and chopped them. Also, 24 packs of hot dogs were chopped. Joe sliced ​​2 horns of Colby cheese with the slicer. The peanut butter mixture — peanut butter, marshmallow crème and corn syrup — was also mixed.

Experts question the ‘mutual abuse’ after testimony in a Depp-Heard trial


The phrase “mutual abuse” has circulated online after a clinical psychologist used it during the defamation trial involving Johnny Depp and Amber Heard. It’s a divisive concept, domestic violence experts say.

Depp is suing Heard for defamation over an essay she wrote for The Washington Post in 2018, in which she said she had become the “public figure representing domestic abuse.” Although the article never mentions Depp by name, his attorneys said it indirectly refers to allegations she made against him during their 2016 divorce.

The trial, which is expected to take weeks, is being widely followed and discussed on social media. Both Depp and Heard have testedified that the other was physically violent during the course of their relationship.

Laurel Anderson, a clinical psychologist and the couple’s marriage counselor, described their dynamic as one of “mutual abuse,” testifying that Depp told her that Heard “gave as good as she got.”

“It was a point of pride to her, if she felt disrespected, to initiate a fight … her father had beaten her,” Anderson said.

Heard would rather be in a fight with Depp than see him leave, and she “would strike him to keep him there,” Anderson said in court. During cross-examination, Anderson clarified that Heard reported to the therapist that she “fought back” after Depp became physical.

In court filings, Heard said she hit Depp only in self-defense or in defense of her younger sister, according to The New York Times.

Since Anderson’s testimony, the phrase “mutual abuse” has become a point of contention in discussions online. Some have described Depp and Heard’s relationship dynamic as “reactive abuse,” a similarly divisive term to describe a victim’s emotional outburst against an abuser.

Ruth Glenn, president and CEO of the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV), disputes the existence of “mutual abuse.” In every incident between two people, she said, there’s a “primary aggressor.”

“I don’t believe in mutual abuse. I don’t believe that two parties decide to meet in the kitchen and box it out,” Glenn said. “It just doesn’t sound right, reactive abuse. I’m going to abuse you as a reaction? No, I’m going to defend myself as a reaction.”

I don’t believe in mutual abuse. I don’t believe that two parties decide to meet in the kitchen and box it out.

ruth glenn, president and ceo of the national coalition against domestic violence

Glenn added that self-defense against a primary aggressor can “look like abuse,” but it’s a not the same as an abuser exerting control over a victim.

Reacting to abuse in self-defense can include name-calling, physically pushing back, and other emotional outbursts, according to psychologist Betsy Usher, who specializes in treating abuse and trauma. In a 2021 blog post, Usher wrote that abusers may shift the blame to their victims and them of being the abuser if they react in self-defense.

Janie Lacy, a licensed psychotherapist specializing in relationship trauma, said extremely volatile relationships may be described as “mutual abuse,” and that in many cases, this dynamic stems from trauma. Lacy uses the term “trauma bond” to describe the “toxic emotional attachments” sometimes embodied in intense relationships.

When a victim is caught in a cycle of abuse and affection, they may develop a trauma bond to their abuser, experts say. The alternating violence and kindness reinforces a victim’s attachment to their abuser, according to the National Domestic Violence Hotline, and can enable escalating abusive behavior.

“People can’t necessarily leave them, but they can’t stay, either,” Lacy said. “When they have these ‘come here’ and ‘go away’ dynamics, it becomes this very exploitative relationship. … And there’s this constant shifting of power and these types of dynamics.”

Trauma bonds aren’t exclusive to romantic relationships, Lacy noted. Children can develop trauma bonds to abusive parents. Employees may develop trauma bonds to abusive workplaces. Even followers can develop trauma bonds to a cult or religious institution, a 2017 review in the International Journal of Psychology Research states.

A child who was traumatic bonded to an abusive parent may experience “trauma reactivity” in relationships as an adult, Lacy said. The phrase is used to describe the exaggerated stress response a person might have after experiencing a traumatic event and may be exhibited as a highly emotionally charged outburst.

“It’s like all the stuff from the past is now coming forward, and the person standing in front of them is going to get all of that stuff, from a heightened, almost abusive standpoint,” Lacy said. “So if they felt betrayed by a parent, for example, and they’re now responding to what feels like a betrayal, it’s going to come from a very heightened, reactive and abusive standpoint domestic, which can also lead to violence situations.”

When both parties experience trauma reactivity, it can “lead to a lot of destructive patterns for the couple,” Lacy said.

Trauma reactivity may be an explanation, but it’s not an excuse for abusive behavior, experts say. Glenn cautions against using someone’s past trauma, substance abuse or life circumstances to absolve them of abusive behavior.

“We often want to find reasons because we don’t have any real data on why abusers do what they do,” Glenn said. “I think we find many different ways to make it OK in our heads that somebody can be abusive … Most of them actively make the choice to be abusive. They have a need for power and control.”

During highly sensationalized and publicized court cases, terms to describe abusive behavior often trend online. Misappropriating phrases like “gaslighting” and “mutual abuse” can minimize conversations about domestic violence, Glenn said.

“Please don’t use them until you understand,” Glenn said. “Because you’re causing more harm than good.”

Founders of Talea, first woman-owned brewery in Brooklyn share career lessons


In March 2021, one year into the coronavirus pandemic, LeAnn Darland and Tara Hankinson took a leap of faith and opened Talea Beer Co., the first woman owned and operated brewery and taproom in Brooklyn, NY. Now, 30+ employees and 9,000 square feet later, the pair continue their aims to diversify the craft beer industry.

The co-workers turned co-founders both left corporate careers to become business owners. Prior to entrepreneurship, Darland served for five years as a naval officer before working at Google and getting an MBA at UC Berkeley.

Similarly, Hankinson obtained her MBA from NYU. She was no stranger to the beverage industry beforeship, as her parents entrepreneurs worked in the business. This familiarity drew Hankinson to do projects on the beverage and hospitality industry in business school, and even intern at Personal Wine Cellar during the summer.

The pair met while working at Hopsy, a beer e-commerce start-up, in April 2018, and decided to combine their knowledge to create Talea, a play on their first names. Trusting in the originality of their brand, Hankinson and Darland spent eight months developing a business plan and fundraising before going door to door delivering their craft beer to bars around the city.

Today, Talea Beer Co. Has over 20 different draft beers, an online merch store, and almost 20,000 supporters across social media platforms. On May 10, the brewery expanded with a new pop-up location in midtown Manhattan, outside of Grand Central terminal.

CNBC Make It spoke with the co-founders to discuss their best career advice and the importance of cohesive leadership.

“Don’t let perfection be the enemy of progress”

The biggest piece of career advice Hankinson resonates with is one many have heard before: “Don’t let perfection be the enemy of progress.”

“It was a hard lesson for us, because spending all this time and money and our jobs to run the business leaving early on, every decision felt so consequential,” Hankinson says. “Weighing those decisions can really slow you down. But sometimes, getting something out the door is better than just holding on.”

Hankinson says this mindset has been beneficial not only for her and Darland, but for their team — they all tend to “put pressure on themselves to move quickly” despite being a smaller team. Hankinson says she still considers Talea to be a start-up, and keeps that in mind when things don’t always go as planned.

“The things they don’t teach you in business school”

Darland shares that, for individuals interested in starting their own business, gaining experience can be equally, or possibly more important, as a formal education.

“At Hopsy, we were able to see the ins and outs of what a small company is, and all the things that you are required to do, like setting up general liability insurance and worker’s comp and understanding payroll filings — the things they don’ t teach you in business school, but you’re going to have to know day one, when you start your own company.”

Darland shares that having real world experience also helps with credibility when trying to fundraise, and that sacrificing a career at a big name company in order to chase your dreams can be beneficial at the end.

“I’d highly recommend taking a big pay cut, if possible, and going to a start-up where it is really scrappy and a small team, so you get a little taste of it before making the leap on your own.”

The power of cohesive leadership

Many people are hesitant to start a business with friends or family members, as it could potentially jeopardize the relationship. However, the Talea founders have learned to leverage their “complimentary skills” to allow each person to exercise their strengths.

“We have our own areas of interest and expertise. For example, I love spreadsheets, but no way near as much as Leann loves financial modeling,” Hankinson shares. “I think having mutual respect for each other’s areas of expertise and trusting each other is the most important thing in making the business survive and grow.”

Both women are 50/50 partners in all aspects of the business, from equity stake to getting paid the same, and value being equally invested in the business.

“We both quit our jobs and went unpaid at the same time. We were both doing deliveries in the van around New York City, which was the worst job ever, but we were both all in. And I think that has continued.”

Check out:

How hiring individuals with criminal records can benefit today’s workforce, according to an expert

This founder creates ‘playbooks’ for women who want to advance their careers—here’s her best advice

Women make up only 2% of the maritime industry—this exec is working to bring more women into boating

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Facebook Dating was a catastrophic failure — and I know why


Facebook Inc, now called Meta, announced its dating application, Facebook Dating, in May 2018. There was real excitement, with people expecting a revolutionary dating app that would soon beat Tinder.

And it is no wonder when you consider the size of the company, its technical capabilities, and most importantly the large volume of data that Facebook has collected about its users. After all, research shows that Facebook knows us better than our mums, so why wouldn’t it live up to its goal of creating “meaningful relationships”?

But four years later, it hasn’t taken over the market – most people have simply forgotten about it. Numerous reports claim the dating app practically doesn’t function. Facebook’s own data suggest not many people use the service – about 300,000 in New York, compare with the claimed 3 million Bumble users in New York.

As an online dating technology researcher, I had an eye on Facebook dating since its announcement. But as I never heard anything about its market success, it took me a while to look into it. Now, I think I have a good idea of ​​why the app failed.

My experiment

When I activated my Facebook Dating profile (purly out of academic curiosity), I was overwhelmed by the number of very attractive profiles that I was exposed to in the first few hours. I started pressing “like”, soon receiving “match” notifications, meaning people had also “liked” me.

My own research shows that receiving a positive signal on a dating app for a male heterosexual user is a rather rare event. Interesting, my phone didn’t stop buzzing for hours. But I started checking the profiles and soon realized this was too good to be true – with the matches seemingly out of my league.

To see what was going on, I started chatting. I didn’t have ethics clearance from my university for full-on research, therefore I made it clear on my profile I was there just for chatting.

But writing a couple of messages to one person, I got a phone number and an invitation to take things to WhatsApp. My past work has shown this usually happens after at least 20 messages and within three to four days. This was light-speed-dating – according to science.

Within a few hours, I had a long list of attractive matches who all wanted to talk to me “about interesting things” – not on the app, but on WhatsApp. Interestingly, nobody sent me an Irish number (often UK or Polish), even though they all lived in Ireland, supposedly.